Green wall systems diy: 6 steps to build a green wall at home

6 steps to build a green wall at home

Keen to add a touch of alternative green to your home? Here are 6 easy-to-follow steps to build a green wall.

Green walls, vertical walls, living walls or eco-walls, as they are known, are panels of plants grown vertically along walls, fences or sheds. You can find cheap artificial plastic ones hooked on walls, but living ones are 100% better for you and for the environment.

Green wall at the entrance of Adelaide Zoo

Green walls not only freshen up a space, they also create an alternative green area for wildlife around smaller homes and yards. They are a good way to create more privacy in your yard, help clean the air you breathe, have a soundproofing effect and look great.

Adelaide has some amazing green wall examples such as at the City of Adelaide’s customer service building on Pirie Street and at the entry of Adelaide Zoo.

City of Adelaide customer service building green wall in Adelaide city

Don’t let the size of these examples put you off. A smaller green wall for your home is still impressive to the eye. It’s your very own ecosystem and a great piece of natural art to dress up your home – outdoors and indoors.

It’s also not a mammoth task. You just need to start it, and we’re here to help you.

A 1 m x 1 m green wall with native plants will take around 3 to 6 hours to build (depending on your green thumb) and will cost you about $500.

Here’s 6 easy-to-follow steps to build a green wall for your home:

1. Find a good spot

    Scope out locations around your home that have close access to a tap, or another source of water that can be connected to pipes for irrigation.

    Check the wall’s position and how many hours of sunlight it will get during the day. This is so you know the types of plants to select that will be happy in this spot.

    Thirdly, make sure the wall, fence or shed is sturdy. Most are, but if its older check that it can withstand holding at least 20 kilograms of materials. The materials will include the green wall structure, pots, dirt, plants and water.

    2. Select your planter

      A planter includes the pots and structure that will hold your green wall together.

      There are many good options like the Atlantis, Elmich or Holman green wall models available from all good gardening and hardware shops.

      Some green wall models come with an in-built watering system, which can be super helpful.

      3. Install your planter

        Follow the planter instructions to put the structure together and attach it to your wall, fence or shed.

        The key tools you’ll likely need are a hammer, a drill and a suitable fixing for the type of wall that your planter will be attached.

        4. Select your irrigation system

          Setting up irrigation pipes and connecting them to a water source will make it super easy to water your green wall and keep it green.

          We suggest you select an automatic timer system or a tap timer which are both available from local gardening and hardware shops.

          You can always water by hand if you want to avoid setting up an irrigation system. If so, skip to step 6.

          5. Time to install your irrigation system

            Follow your selected irrigation system instructions to connect your pipes to your water supply and attach it to your green wall.

            Once fitted, test the watering system before planting. Make sure each plant will get some water.

            Top tip: For native plants, set your system to water the plants about 3 to 5 times a week.

            6. Select and plant your plants

              You can go with exotic/introduced species of plants, but Australian natives are better to support local birds, bees and butterflies. Adelaide natives are even better for our local environment. Check out Adelaide’s native plant nurseries that specialise in natives to easily find them.

              Perfect native plants for green walls are the succulent pigface (Mesembry anthemum) for the top layer, fine leaf (Brachyscome) for the bottom layer as they love more water, and parvifolium (Myoporum) for the middle layers.

              Your soil or potting mix will vary depending on the plants you select for your green wall.

              All you need to do now is plant your plants and attach your planted pots to the green wall.

              Top tip: Go with about 3 or 4 different species to create variety, colour and texture on your green wall. Herbs, flowers, ferns and succulents are a good mix.

              Voila! Bask in your new green view

              Your green wall will take about 6 to 12 months to flourish. Most suitable plants will grow like a waterfall on your decked out wall.

              Keep an eye on your plants for the first 6 months to make sure the soil and watering is right – not too wet or dry. Use a soil tester if you really want to be on-the-ball.

              If a couple of plants die, that’s okay, just replace them as you go. Some plants are just not meant to be.

              Find out more local gardening tips

              Just beginning your gardening journey? Head to our gardening hub for more tips and tricks.

              This content was created with our friends at the Adelaide Zoo.

              Green Walls: How to Create a Living Landscape (or Wallscape)

              The writing’s on the wall, they say. Now the plants are, too. Green walls, aka living walls or vertical gardens, have grown in popularity in recent years, especially in urban areas. They are everywhere, from front yards to corporate offices to art museums. It’s never been easier to learn about green walls or to create one of these living landscapes for your home.

              So, what exactly is a green wall? How does it work? Could you include one in your own home or landscape design? And why would you even want to? We’ll explore everything you could possibly want to know about the eco-friendly craze that is green walls.

              Table of Contents:

              Origins of Green Walls

              The concept of growing plants on walls has been around for thousands of years, but landscape architecture professor Stanley Hart White was the first to patent vertical gardens as we know them today. He had the idea way back in 1938, but it didn’t really grow on people until decades later.

              In the 1980s and 1990s, a French botanist named Patrick Blanc began to popularize green wall systems as a method of urban agriculture. He sought to improve biodiversity in big cities with his massive living wall designs. With the rise of Patrick Blanc, living green walls started popping up all over the place, in residential and commercial spaces, indoors and outdoors. 

              A section of one of Patrick Blanc’s most famous projects, the 40-foot high and 650-foot long living wall at the Musée du quai Branly.
              Photo Credit: Jean-Pierre Dalbéra / Wikimedia Commons / CC BY 2.0

              Especially in the 2010s, with environmental sustainability rising to the forefront of public thought, these live walls became popular with businesses and homeowners alike.  

              Benefits of Green Walls

              People don’t just like living walls because they look pretty. They can also make a building more energy-efficient and have positive impacts on people’s health and well-being. 

              These are a few of the benefits of having a green wall in a home or commercial space:

              • Exterior green walls add an extra layer of insulation to a home or building. That means it takes less energy to keep the inside cool in the summer and warm in the winter. In urban environments, outdoor living walls also improve the general air quality and reduce heat island effects.
              • Interior living walls supply the inside of a home or building with fresh, oxygen-rich air. They also filter out indoor air pollutants like VOCs. 

              VOCs (volatile organic compounds) are organic chemicals found in human-made products such as paints, cleaning supplies, pesticides, and building materials. They can have negative short-term or long-term effects on health. VOC levels are up to 10 times higher for indoor air than outdoor. 

              Public and corporate interior green spaces like this one are common because of their positive health effects.
              Photo Credit: Spaceo / Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 3.0

              • Indoor and outdoor green walls also can block out excessive noise, reducing a space’s sound pollution (much like a privacy hedge does).
              • Of course, as with any garden, there’s also an aesthetic appeal to green walls. With the right plant selection, a vertical garden can easily liven up any landscape or living room.

              If plants aren’t your thing and low-maintenance is, a moss wall might be more up your alley. Like regular green walls, moss walls are vertical living garden structures that use moss rather than traditional plants. Many of these walls use preserved moss and folia (preserved plants). Moss walls:

              • Require no sunlight and need very minimal maintenance
              • Have a long life span
              • Like green walls, block out excessive noise

              How Green Walls Work

              To understand how a living wall functions, there are a few fancy terms you’ll need to get familiar with.  

              Substrate: A “substrate” is simply the base on which an organism lives. When we’re talking about plants, the substrate is the material in which the plant takes root (usually soil). 

              Growing medium: In this context, “growing medium” means the exact same thing as “substrate.”

              Hydroponics: “Hydroponics” is a frilly scientific word that just means growing plants using water and nutrients, but without using soil. 

              So, in a green wall system, panels create a vertical surface that holds the growing medium, or substrate. Depending on what kind of green wall you build, your options for growing media include loose, mat, sheet, or structural (we’ll get into what each of those means in just a second).

              Some green walls use soil as a substrate, but many use other materials. Those that don’t use soil work through hydroponics. Without soil, proper watering becomes imperative for a vertical garden. That’s why most of them have a built-in irrigation system.

              Irrigation systems for living walls range from simple DIY drip irrigation with PVC pipes to automatic recirculation systems that reuse the same water over and over again. A recirculation system will make the green wall more water-efficient, but it’ll also cost a pretty penny. 

              Most home green walls use a simple drip irrigation system, like this one, which is common for all types of gardens, not just vertical ones.
              Photo Credit: U.S. Department of Agriculture / Flickr / Public Domain

              What a green wall is not: Now is a good time to mention that living walls should not be confused with green facades. Though they might look similar, a green facade is an entirely different feature. While green walls involve plants rooted into a vertical surface, a green facade involves plants in the ground taking over a wall (think vines, ivy, and other climbing plants). 

              Types of Green Walls

              The type of green wall depends on what material is used as the growing medium. As we already mentioned, the four types are loose media, mat media, sheet media, and structural media. 

              Loose Media

              Loose growing media really just means soil. For this type of green wall, plants take root in small mounds of soil in a bag or on a shelf. These are the easiest green walls to make, so they’re common for home gardeners. 

              One thing to remember about a loose media green wall: You have to replace the soil regularly. You’ll need to change it out at least once a year for an exterior living wall and every two years for an interior one. 

              Loose media green walls, common among home gardeners, use soil in bags or on shelves as their growing medium.
              Photo Credit: Isupereco / Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 3.0

              Mat Media

              In a green wall made with mat media, plants take root in mats made of coir fiber or felt instead of soil. So, in this case, the mat is the substrate/growing medium. 

              Mat media is another type of living wall that’s easy for home gardeners to plant and maintain, but beware. Coir fiber and felt mats are thin, so they don’t retain much water. They also can’t hold large plants with long, thick roots without tearing the fabric. These are best for small plants and small spaces. 

              In a mat system like this one, the greenery grows from felt, coir fiber, or a similar material instead of soil.
              Photo Credit: M. Rehemtulla / Wikimedia Commons / CC BY 2.0

              Sheet Media

              Sheet media works similarly to mat media. Essentially, sheet media is the upgraded version because it consists of plastic sheets with an egg carton-like pattern that gives them more depth and texture. Sheet media retains water better than mat media and can hold larger plants without tearing. 

              The other benefit to using plastic is that it won’t decompose. Sheet media tends to last much longer than mat media. Sometimes, you can use the same sheet in your green wall for up to 20 years. 

              Structural Media

              Now we’ve come to the slightly more complicated type of living wall system. Structural media is usually used for large, professionally installed green walls. That doesn’t mean you can’t have one for your home, it just means you might need to hire a professional to build it for you. 

              A green wall with structural media uses blocks of soil (or another substrate) as the growing medium. The blocks come in varying sizes, shapes, and thicknesses, so they can accommodate just about any species of plant you want. 

              Structural media is another longer-lasting option. These typically last 10-15 years. 

              How to Make a Green Wall for Your Home or Landscape

              DIY green wall construction can get a little complicated, and it involves power tools. If you don’t have a lot of experience with construction projects, you might want to hire a professional landscaper to build your green garden wall for you.

              If you’ve got veteran DIY chops and you’re ready to make a green wall for yourself, check out this step-by-step video of a homemade plant wall from Home Depot: 

              Step 1: Choose a Structure

              Your structure depends entirely on personal preference. You can use any of the above media with your choice of wooden or container structure.

              Before you start your green wall installation, make sure the spot you’ve chosen gets enough sunlight for the plants you want to grow. If you’re making an indoor green space, keep in mind that you’ll most likely need some sort of artificial light source to keep your plants healthy.

              It’s a good idea to keep in mind the wall that you’ll be hanging your structure on in case of water damage. Make sure the surface won’t be damaged easily by your irrigation.

              Step 2: Line It

              Depending on your type of green wall structure (loose, mat, sheet, or structural), you’ll want to line it. This is particularly important for wooden structures in order to prevent wood rot. Use plastic to line each planting section where there will be soil and plants. Staple the plastic down once it’s in place and cut away the excess.

              Step 3: Irrigation

              You also will need to decide what kind of irrigation system you want before you install your living wall. Are you willing to water your vertical garden regularly by hand, or would you rather have an automatic one that connects to a tank and pump? Your decision will affect the cost and construction process of your green wall. 

              Typical watering methods, such as a watering can or hose, won’t work for a vertical garden.

              Step 4: Plant Selection

              When thinking about plants, you should first consider what growing media you want to use, as now would be the time to put in your soil set-up for your plants. This might involve loose, mat, sheet, or structural media.

              For an outdoor wall, it’s best to use native plants that can survive your local weather conditions and temperature changes. Consult with a local nursery on what plants would be best for your area.  

              For an indoor wall, your options are less limited. You won’t have to worry about choosing plants that can survive your local overall temperatures, since the plants will be in a climate-controlled area. Vibrant tropical plants are common for indoor green walls. 

              Either way, the best plants for a vertical garden are ones with shallow root systems:

              • Succulents
              • Vines
              • Herbs

              These are an especially good choice if you’re using mat media that can tear easily under a lot of weight. 

              Succulents are a good choice for vertical gardens because they have shallow roots and don’t need much water to survive.
              Photo Credit: Seán A. O’Hara / Flickr / CC BY 2.0

              Once you’ve selected your greenery, it’s a good idea to transplant small specimens into your wall instead of trying to grow them from seeds. When you plant them, make sure you give each plant plenty of room to grow so they don’t choke each other in the future.

              FAQ About Green Walls

              How Much Does a Living Wall Cost?

              Cost depends on several variables, including what kind of growing medium you use, how big you want your wall to be, and what plant species you choose. A small green wall with loose media and a simple irrigation system is the cheapest way to go.

              How do you Maintain a Green Wall?

              The most important part of maintaining your green wall is making sure the plants get enough water. Your watering schedule will vary based on the plant species you use and the amount of sunlight the wall gets. Like all growing plants, regular fertilization will keep your green wall happy and healthy.

              You’ll also want to make sure you remove any dead plants, roots and all. And remember if you use soil, you’ll need to replace it every one or two years. 

              Do Green Walls Reduce Stormwater Runoff?

              Typically, vertical gardens have little to no impact on stormwater runoff. If you’re looking for a solution to a runoff issue on your property, consider a rain garden instead.   

              Call the Professionals

              Now that you know everything there is to know about green walls, maybe it’s time to add one to your own landscape. With these vertical gardens, the sky (or rather, the wall) is the limit. For help with your new green or living wall, call a landscaping professional near you.

              Main Photo Credit: Mark Hogan / Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0

              Jordan Ardoin

              Jordan Ardoin is a writer, editor, and classical literature student based in Colorado. When she isn’t reading or writing, she enjoys goofing off with her cats and spending time in nature.

              Posts by Jordan Ardoin

              rules for designing green areas in an apartment

              It would seem that it would be easier to buy a few live plants in pots, hang a planter, and now the green area is ready. But how you want to add zest to such a familiar and no longer interesting “grandmother’s” interior. It turns out that there is a solution. Flowering walls, as an option for decorating and dividing rooms, today become the highlight of many modern interiors, both office and residential. Today, the HouseСhief.ru editors will talk about how you can use vertical gardening and create your own “summer island” in an ordinary apartment.

              Such green walls are not only environmentally friendly, but also economical, plants can be used to decorate salads and snacks, or simply hide that wall element that needs repair for a long time.

              Read the article

              • 1 Benefits of green plants: breathe deeper
              • 2 Selection of plants: design options for green areas
              • 3 How to properly organize the lighting of a green wall
              • 4 Watering in vertical gardening
              • 5 How to make a living wall with your own hands

              About the benefits of green plants: breathe deeply

              Living plants always provide fresh air, environmental friendliness, and relaxation for the eyes. Green color helps to relax, and living plants will help create an unusual, stylish, fresh interior. It is pleasant to watch the life of plants, it is not difficult to take care of them (a little later you will understand why), and with our cold winters, the green corner will be a great place to relax.

              Green plants can decorate not only one wall, but several at once. In this case, your home will turn into a kind of fairy-tale refuge in the middle of the forest.

              Living plants are natural humidifiers. They create a special microclimate with an ideal ratio of fresh air and optimal humidity. The choice of location is of great importance, in particular the right lighting will play a key role.

              Tip! If your apartment overheats in the summer, living plant walls will provide much-needed coolness. Such walls will help to highlight the recreation area, as well as isolate the office and protect it from overheating.

              There are variations of movable walls that can be installed at will in different rooms, depending on the lighting or temperature conditions.

              Selection of plants: options for designing green areas

              Not every plant is suitable for vertical gardening. The main condition for the choice is that they should not require abundant watering. In this regard, succulents are perfect. These plants do not take up a lot of space. Very often, moss or lichens are used for these purposes, they create an unusual plush texture for your plant wall. These plants are maximally adapted to fluctuations in temperature and precipitation, they can fill voids and create more voluminous bright compositions that effectively filter the air.

              In addition, plants such as:

              • creepers, ivies of various kinds, ornamental vines;
              • Passiflora, Asparagus, Tradescantia, Chlorophytum, Passiflora;
              • ornamental plants capable of growing on scarce land, such as orchids.

              An excellent solution for decorating a green area in the kitchen: spices are always at hand.

              Tip! Do not rush to buy several types of exotic plants at once. Start with less expensive seeds and seedlings. Firstly, you will test your abilities in the matter of caring for plants, and secondly, you will understand how effectively the “whole system” works for you: from the selection and top dressing of the soil, the choice of lighting, to watering and irrigation.

              You can combine walls with different types of plants: ficuses can be adjacent to cacti, mosses to flowering orchids, the main nuance is not to mix the soil, it is better to use your own containers for each type of plant.

              Do not be afraid to combine plants based on the color variant, the height of the leaves, their texture.

              Do not forget that it is difficult to achieve uniform illumination of the wall during the day, therefore, depending on the lighting option and its saturation, consider where freedom-loving and shade-loving plants will be located.

              Comment

              Irina Rozenshtein

              Uyutny Dom studio designer

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              Vertical gardening was pioneered by French designer and botanist Patrick Blanc. He selected plant species that can grow vertically, and do so even with a lack of lighting. Thanks to the efforts of the Frenchman, the world saw pictures of living plants that change color and bloom depending on the season.

              Vivid paintings by Patrick Blanc are amazing. Such a decoration can be found in many French institutions

              How to properly organize the lighting of a green wall

              Despite the rather successful experiments of Patrick Blanc, sufficient light is necessary for the full growth and development of plants. And it is better that it be as close to natural as possible. However, in this case, the main thing is not to overdo it.

              Some plants are not very fond of direct sunlight. In this case, the green fence can be installed a little in the shade.

              If, for some reason, the supply of natural light is limited in the room, then it must be organized.

              Important! All plants require at least 12 hours of light per day. To solve this problem, it is best to use LED lamps, they are more economical.

              In the summer, lighting will most likely be sufficient, but in winter, even in a room with large windows, it will need to be arranged additionally.

              Watering in vertical gardening

              There are modern irrigation systems built into the framework for green walls. They are equipped with special containers for forced watering. Thus, it is possible to organize both watering and fertilizing plants.

              Moreover, the remaining moisture accumulates in the trays, according to the same principle as when defrosting a refrigerator. Excess moisture can be fed back into the containers.

              In general, care for green walls is similar to care for ordinary houseplants: abundant watering and fertilizing during flowering, moderate watering during dormancy, removing dried leaves.

              Important! Water for irrigation must first be settled in a jar or bottle.

              How to make a living wall with your own hands

              First of all, choose the most illuminated area, it is important that in winter it is not located near heating devices. Consider the frame and options for placing pots, taking into account the type of plants and the height of the flowers. To create a living picture, they begin with larger living exhibits, the voids are covered with moss or small plants.

              There are special felt pots that allow the plant to attach itself to them, growing into the fabric. Usually such hydroponic pockets are used for growing greens.

              In this case, the plants germinate as much as possible into the felt, it is periodically moistened, the necessary humidity and temperature conditions are created. Felt bags allow you to make a fairly light and easily moving structure.

              Another option is to use containers. Such pots can be mounted on the wall, for example, a balcony.

              For waterproofing the structure, a moisture-proof membrane can be attached to the back of the frame. For larger plants, massive containers with nutrient soil are used.

              Interesting fact! The largest vertical garden in the world is the Tree House (Singapore), covering an area of ​​2289 m² on a 24-storey condominium building by City Developments Limited (CDL), one of the largest developers in Asia and Singapore.

              To fix the structure, special corners and fasteners are used. The more voluminous the flowers, the more massive and stronger the frame. To attach vertical compositions to the wall, use self-tapping screws or anchors. The larger the bush, the lower it is better to place it so that it does not block the flow of light for other green brothers.

              We bring to your attention a gallery of options for arranging living walls

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              If such a garden is already successfully growing in your apartment, share your experience in the comments!

              what you need to know to create your own corner of wildlife in the city?. Tips and tricks for your home from Arsenal Goods.

              Today, vertical gardening is understood as a very wide range of solutions used both in landscape design and in the design of interiors and exteriors of buildings. Sometimes this even includes the use of artificial plants – whether entirely made of polymeric materials, or stabilized (that is, initially alive, but subsequently treated with solutions of various salts, which allow them to maintain a spectacular appearance, as well as the natural softness of leaves and stems). However, this approach is not entirely fair, because the key goal of all efforts to grow various crops in such a format is precisely the introduction of an element of genuine wildlife into urban conditions. Therefore, we will talk about vertical gardening in the interior and landscape design with the use of real plants, that is, they have their own requirements for environmental conditions and need regular care after planting.

              From an environmental point of view, the idea of ​​using the walls and roofs of buildings, especially high-rise buildings, has great potential to change living conditions in large cities, and especially in megacities, where already now dense multi-storey buildings have a significant impact on the surrounding areas. In addition to purifying the air from various kinds of harmful impurities and saturating it with oxygen, such a “vertical park” solves a number of other problems – in particular, it helps to increase the energy efficiency of buildings. Here, there is a reduction in the cost of heating in winter (due to a decrease in wind loads), and for air conditioning in summer (walls under a green carpet heat up much less in the sun). A number of studies in different countries of the world confirm that green spaces improve sound insulation and even the microclimate inside buildings, contribute to the development of urban biodiversity, and have a positive impact on the emotional and psychological state of citizens.

              Contrary to the existing misconception, vertical gardening in Russia has a long tradition and, according to some estimates, dates back to the 17th-18th centuries. The same girlish grapes, which in many regions cover fences, outbuildings and walls of houses with a dense canopy – and not only country houses, but sometimes apartment buildings – is a typical example of this kind of green space. Another thing is that only relatively recently the fashion for more complex and expensive structures, such as ready-made phytopanels, began to spread in our country. They are a complete solution that includes both the supporting support and the containers for plants, and – most importantly – the drip irrigation system and lighting. Often, modern polymeric materials are used for phytopanels, which are not afraid of prolonged exposure to water, and the units built into them make it possible to achieve maximum autonomy of the entire installation, while minimizing the efforts of the owners to care for it. Some phytopanels can be real works of art, but what if you want to get your own green space at minimal cost? As an option, you can always buy phytomodules for vertical gardening – some of them are smaller and simplified versions of phytopanels – or you can do vertical gardening on your site, in a house or apartment with your own hands.

              This task is quite within the power of even a novice gardener, especially since a wide range of different crops, as well as the materials necessary for such a construction, are now presented in many stores. For example, in our Arsenal Tovarov trading company, a wide range of balcony boxes, pots and planters for vertical gardening, various plant supports, and similar products from leading manufacturers are offered to the attention of customers at low wholesale and retail prices. Of course, success in creating your own garden on the wall will largely depend on the competent selection of crops and the creation of optimal conditions for them, but here the Internet comes to the rescue with reference resources devoted to growing both the most common and unpretentious, and very rare, exotic representatives of the flora. .

              Let’s start with the fact that there are only two approaches to vertical gardening: plants can be grown either on the ground or on a substrate that involves the use of hydroponics. The first option is good for almost everyone – soil mixtures are available, they are easy to make on your own, you can grow any species without restrictions, but the key disadvantage is that the soil is heavy. Even the lightest loose mixtures with a lot of sand and peat still have a solid weight, so under the same planters and plastic flowerpots (which in themselves weigh almost nothing), you will need to arrange reliable supporting structures. An artificial substrate, on the contrary, is very light – moss, coconut chips, perlite, expanded clay are usually used as raw materials for it – therefore, such a “base” can be laid, for example, in small pockets made of artificial felt, forming huge phytowalls. However, here all the nutrients will be delivered with water straight to the roots of the planted crops, which means, firstly, that such a complex system simply cannot exist without hydroponics. Secondly, these are the costs of equipment and, subsequently, electricity, especially when it comes to large-scale projects where it can be simply difficult to do watering with your own hands. Thirdly, not all types of plants can be grown in this way. Fourthly, if the root system in the soil is reliably protected from negative external factors, then there is no such protection in the substrate, and when the temperature rises to + 35 ° C or more, there is a real threat of overdrying and dying off of the roots.

              Do not forget about maintainability, because the simplest structures, such as whatnots, slides, stands, crates and shelves, can be easily replaced if necessary, or moved to a new place, repainted if the old color is tired – or expanded, if you want to increase the scale of your “wall gardening”. Those who prefer almost ready-made solutions with minimal intervention should take a closer look at the already mentioned modular systems – the simplest of them are, in fact, the same inexpensive balcony boxes, only with a slightly modified shape (not for hanging on brackets, but with direct fixation to the wall and assembly into a single complex from any number of such independent elements). More space for imagination and the use of your own design solutions will be given by the manufacture of a supporting frame with your own hands – from metal or wood, the main thing is that it can withstand future loads from containers with soil and plants planted in them. By the way, plastic containers for such designs are most often used today: a flowerpot, a planter for orchids or a pot for a favorite lemon tree, being made of modern polymeric materials, withstand serious mechanical loads, are able to withstand the damaging effects of ultraviolet radiation for a long time and are not at all afraid of wet environment. Polymeric materials are also easily subjected to various modifications. Do you need additional drainage holes, or do you want to turn an ordinary floor flower pot into a hanging one? There is nothing easier – a couple of pokes with a soldering iron and you’re done. In addition, a wide range of very decorative models of plastic containers is produced (a rich assortment of them is presented, in particular, in our Arsenal Goods trading company).

              In terms of design, vertical gardening in an apartment allows you to solve several problems at once. First of all, this is the creation of a more comfortable microclimate, a way to bring a bit of special charm and comfort to any room. On the other hand, plants are a great option for zoning, because we have both floor flowerpots and various kinds of pots and boxes for installation on shelves and racks, and, of course, all kinds of hanging planters that can be mounted on any suitable structures, or directly on the ceiling. Finally, in addition to the aesthetic side of the issue, there is also a purely practical one: a number of various herbs, herbs and seasonings, which are easy to grow even on a kitchen windowsill, have a good decorative effect in themselves. Mint, sage, marjoram, lettuce, arugula, dill, parsley, cilantro, green onions, thyme, basil, and if desired, even gherkins and cherry tomatoes will fit perfectly, for example, into the interior of a modern kitchen.

              As with cultivation, in terms of location in a house or apartment, there are only two options for arranging green walls: either it will be an indoor space, or outside – on a balcony, loggia, terrace (in the latter case, we usually talk about how to make due to this solution, a smooth transition between the house and the garden itself). If you plan to equip a bookcase with bright plastic planters and pots in the room, planting something compact and undemanding in care in them, then you should take a closer look at shade-tolerant or penumbra-preferring species; as an option – to plan a future slide or a green wall, immediately providing for the installation of inexpensive fitolamps for indoor plants (you can buy them, for example, from our Arsenal Goods trading company). If you plan to create a living corner outside the building, then here you can choose from a much wider variety of sun-loving crops, as well as species that grow well in light shade conditions. By the way, experienced gardeners recommend, firstly, to select in the neighborhood with each other those representatives of the flora that have similar requirements for soil, light, frequency of fertilizing and watering (this will simplify care) and, secondly, to take into account the growth of specific species in advance ( so that by the middle of summer it would not turn out that the tall ones, having fallen into the foreground, covered the sun for the short ones, or, conversely, so that a lone “giant” would not be wormed among the “shorts” planted in a large outdoor flowerpot).

              Whether you plant seedlings or immediately sow seeds in ampelous planters, pots and balcony boxes, think in advance how convenient it will be for you to care for green pets later. Lush flowering crops and perennials, for example, need several top dressings per season; without exception, all flowers and decorative leafy species should be regularly watered, loosened, weeded if necessary, removed withered inflorescences and dried leaves.