Types rose bushes: Main Rose Types for your Garden

16 Types of Roses – Most Popular Rose Varieties


Climbing Roses

Erin Silversmiths//Wikimedia Commons

Type: Modern Rose
Shown: ‘Zephirine Drouhin’

Despite what the name may imply, climbing roses aren’t vines. They have stiff canes that can be trained along a trellis, fence, or downspout. These types of roses produce more flowers when grown horizontally and tend to have large flowers that almost always rebloom.



English Roses

Lakelady//Getty Images

Type: Modern Rose
Shown: Graham Thomas

If you’re looking for a hardy, disease-resistant rose with a delightful rose scent, this may be the rose for you. Available in a range of colors, these varieties have been carefully cultivated for reliability, most notably by David Austin in England. Most are shrubby, which makes them ideal for practically any garden situation—containers, hedges, and more formal settings.


Floribunda Roses


Type: Modern Rose
Shown: Sexy Rexy

A cross between Hybrid Tea and Polyantha roses, these are ideal for mixed borders and large bed plantings. They don’t typically have much of a scent, although you can find newer breeds that are fragrant. The blooms present in large clusters to give color over a long season.

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Groundcover Roses

Libby Norman//Wikimedia Commons

Type: Modern Rose

These shrubby roses, also known as “landscape” roses, are low-growing, sprawling specimen that are one of the newer trends in roses. They bloom from spring to frost with little effort and can be found in single and double bloom forms. Typically, they reach up to 3 feet tall and spread far beyond.



Grandiflora Roses

Home in Salem//Wikimedia Commons

Type: Modern Rose

These are a mix of reblooming Floribunda paired with the clustered blooms of Hybrid Tea roses, albeit on slightly shorter, yet still long stems. Shades range from soft pastels to deep purples and typically have a hint of sweet floral perfume.


Polyantha Roses

Joe Jirang//Shutterstock

Type: Modern Rose
Fairy Rose

This compact plant typically grows up to 3 feet high and flowers in large clusters of small, 1-inch blooms making them wonderful additions to containers and small gardens. They’re known to be covered in flowers from spring to fall and are hardy, low-maintenance, plants.

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Hybrid Tea Roses

A. Barra//Wikimedia Commons

Type: Modern Rose
Soleil d’Or

These garden roses have large, high-centered buds with 30 to 50 petals each that are supported by long, straight, upright stems. They make for popular cut flowers and are inclined to rebloom. They grow up to 8 feet tall and 3 feet wide. Hybrid teas aren’t known for being disease resistant, so many home gardeners shy away from the variety, but they are the standard rose of the floral industry.



Rambling Roses

Ulf Eliasson//Wikimedia Commons

Type: Modern Rose

Rambling roses are often confused with climbers, but they are far more vigorous and often only bloom once during the summer season. They can be trained to climb with supports but will reach across anything in their path if not coaxed to grow up. (Think of the roses Maleficent sent crawling over Aurora’s kingdom.)


Bourbon Roses

Jengod//Wikimedia Commons

Type: Old Garden Rose
: Louise Odier

Named for the Île Bourbon (now called Réunion) of the coast of Madagascar in the Indian Ocean, these gorgeous full bloomers often have a lovely, heady scent. They typically have few to no thorns and can be trained to climb.

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Miniature Roses

Javier Martin//Wikimedia Commons

Type: Modern Rose

This extremely hardy variety is bred to stay small in size but comes in a range of types and colors. They only reach up to about 10 inches in height, making them perfect for small gardens, containers, or planted as a border into the front of a rose garden.



China Roses

A. Barra//Wikimedia Commons

Type: Old Garden Rose
: Old Blush

Cultivated in East Asia for centuries, these typically add less fragrance and smaller blooms than other old garden roses. They’re known for their tendency to “suntan” or darken over time rather than fading in color like other roses’ blooms.


Damask Roses

A. Barra//Wikimedia Commons

Type: Old Garden Rose
: Autumn Damask

Named for Damascus, these roses were brought from the Middle East to Europe between 1254 and 1276. These roses tend to sprawl and have strongly scented blooms. Summer damasks bloom once, while Autumn of Four Season damasks bloom once in summer and once later in the season.

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Shrub Roses

Salicyna//Wikimedia Commons

Type: Modern Rose
: Swany

These are generally hardy and easy to care for roses. They’re easy to identify by the way the roses bloom on the bush. Rather than one bloom per stem, shrub roses sprout blooms in clusters, and they can grow up to 6 feet tall and 15 feet wide.



Noisette Roses

Anna Reg//Wikimedia Commons

Type: Old Garden Rose
: Blush Noisette

This rose was first born in South Carolina by combining a China rose and a musk rose. They are winter-hardy vigorous climbers with huge clusters of blooms. They were especially important in introducing orange and yellow hues into Old Garden Roses.


Tea Roses

Paul Sullivan//Flickr

Type: Old Garden Rose
: Catherine Mermet

Originating in China, these roses are the O.G. of today’s classic florist rose form. They’re not hardy in colder climates. They have pointed buds that open in a spiral and often roll back at the edges giving the bloom a pointed tip. Original teas were yellow, but the repeat-bloomers were bred to include shades of white, pink, and yellow to apricot.

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Wild Prairie Roses

Alex W. Covington//Wikimedia Commons

Type: Wild Rose
Rosa Arkansana

The name of this rose comes from Colorado’s Arkansas River where the species is found. This particular variety is native to North America and is found between the Appalachian and Rocky Mountains all the way south to New Mexico and Texas.


Erynn Hassinger

Erynn Hassinger is the Design Director of Country Living Magazine.

Rose Types Explained (In Pictures)

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Roses are one of the broadest groups of plants, with lots of different types that can confuse new and experienced gardeners alike.

Each type has its benefits, so you’ll find it easy to find roses to grow in different spots, whether it’s in a border, over a garden arch or in pots and containers.

Want to find out more about using roses in your garden? Discover rose planting combinations, roses for cut flowers and these five ways to grow better roses.

Where to buy roses

  • Crocus
  • Thompson & Morgan
  • Harkness Roses
  • World of Roses
  • David Austin Roses

Get to grips with the different types of roses to grow, below.

Hybrid tea

Hybrid tea roses were first created by crossing robust, vigorous hybrid perpetuals with the more tender, long-flowering tea roses. The result was the modern hybrid tea rose, which have large flowers that are held alone on straight stems. The flowers have a ‘pointed’ appearance. Most are fragranced and they’re available in all colours except blue. Repeat-flowering and an open growth habit. Ideal for cut flowers.

Peach coloured hybrid tea rose ‘Lynda Bellingham’


Polyanthas are small shrub roses, bearing clusters of small flowers. They have bushy growth and are robust, repeat flowerers. Most have some fragrance. Their relatively compact shape makes them great for edging borders.

Polyantha rose ‘Little White Pet’ bearing many small white flowers


Floribunda roses are the result of crossing hybrid tea and polyantha roses. They bear lots of flowers held in clusters and are generally bushier in form. Considered hardier and more resistant to disease than hybrid teas. Wide range of flower colours, though many have no scent. Repeat-flowering.

Stunning red-purple blooms of floribunda rose ‘Hot Chocolate’


Patio roses are those that have been bred specifically to produce plants that are particularly compact, so they’re ideal for growing in containers. Like polyanthas, they have bushy growth and clusters of small flowers. Repeat-flowering, often fragranced blooms.

Pink blooms of patio rose ‘Letchworth Centenary’

Ground cover

As the name suggests, ground cover roses are generally wider than they are tall, though they can vary in size, from low-growers like ‘Partridge’ to larger, bushier varieties like ‘Raubritter’. Most are repeat-flowering, with lots of small flowers produced. Some are fragranced, some not. Small but tough plants.

Maroon-flowering ground cover rose ‘Suffolk’ in a planter with clematis


A number of factors separate climbing roses from ramblers. First they have more structured, less vigorous growth, flower on growth produced in the current year and produce fewer but larger blooms. Some are repeat-flowering, in particular the newer varieties. Most are fragranced and they can be broken down in to separate types, e.g. climbing Hybrid Teas.

Double, white blooms of climbing rose ‘Claire Austin’


Rambling roses are much more vigorous than climbers, usually providing a single, magnificent flush of smaller flowers in June and July. To get more flowers go for a repeat-flowering rambler. They flower on the previous year’s growth, so need pruning straight after flowering, with the old stems being cut right back. Many are fragrant and they’re great for covering pergolas.

A magenta rambling rose growing over an arch


Damask roses are an old grouping, considered some of the best for fragrance – indeed, they’re still grown commercially for rose oil and to make rose water. These shrub roses are split into two groups – Summer Damasks that are larger, have white to pink flowers and bloom once a year – and Autumn Damasks that are more compact, will repeat flower and have white, pink or deep pink-purple flowers.

Pink blooms of damask rose ‘Le Ville de Bruxelles’ (photo credit: Getty Images)


Gallicas are arguably the oldest garden roses. They’re relatively short, bushy roses, with double flowers that have a distinctively ruffled appearance. Blooms are usually pink, purple or red. Many are strongly perfumed and all make lovely border roses.

More like this

Dark and light pink rose gallica ‘Versicolor’


These old roses are considered to be some of the toughest you can grow. Flowers are always white or pale pink, set against characteristic grey-green leaves. Highly disease-resistant and require little pruning. Can be grown in partial shade.

Creamy rose ‘Alba Maxima’ (photo credit: Getty images)


Centifolias are characterised by their large, almost spherical flowers that are highly scented. Sometimes referred to as the Provence rose, owing to their cultivation in the region for the production of rose oil. They’re shrub roses with an open growth habit. Flowers range in colour from white through to rich pink.

Large, pink bloom of centifolia rose ‘Chapeau de Nopal’ (photo credit: Getty Images)

Broad, red rosehips of Rosa rugosa

Roses for hips

  • Dog rose – Rosa canina (climbing)
  • Rosa filipes ‘Kiftsgate’ (rambling)
  • Rosa ‘Fru Dagmar Hastrup’ (rugosa)
  • Rosa ‘Madame Grégoire Staechelin’ (climbing)
  • Rosa rugosa ‘Alba’ (rugosa)
  • Sweet briar (Rosa rubiginosa)

planting and care, types and varieties with photos and names

Until now, the whole world has not developed a classification of roses as such, and sometimes you can easily get confused in the varieties and varieties of this magnificent flower. Often park roses are called spray roses, although these are two different types, also climbing and hybrid tea are often classified as spray roses. Let’s look at some types of roses that form sprawling bushes with abundant flowering.

Species and varieties of spray roses

Park spray roses

This group includes various forms and varieties of cultivated wild roses, which are often used in garden and park design. With good care and favorable climatic and agricultural conditions, these roses form densely spreading bushes, reaching a height of one and a half meters. The flowering period is not very long – at least a month. Garden roses begin to bloom in June.

Most representatives of this group have a white-violet palette, yellow and orange shades are much less common. Inflorescences are often strongly double. Park roses planted in groups or singly will look great in hedges and borders. They will also look great in the fall with the appearance of fruits on them and the autumn coloring of the leaves.

Domestic gardeners appreciate park roses for their decorative appearance and for the fact that they do not need to be covered for the winter (frost-resistant type of roses).

Bush – a combined group replenishing its ranks every year. Its representatives reach a height of up to two meters. Spreading shrubs with semi-double and double flowers.

Modern cultivars are slightly similar to cultivated rose hips, however, in terms of flower size, doubleness, various colors, intensity and duration of flowering, they are much superior to it. Some varieties of spray roses will delight you several times during the season with their flowering, there are also those that bloom only once during the summer.

Polyanthus Shrub Roses

At the beginning of the 20th century, low-growing polyanthus roses with lush inflorescences and miniature double or semi-double flowers were very popular.

Later they were replaced by floribunda roses, today they can be increasingly found in landscape gardening design when creating colorful flower borders or in group plantings. The undoubted advantage of this group is continuous and abundant flowering throughout the summer season until late autumn.

They are resistant to frost, dampness and fungal diseases. Small shrubs reach a height of forty centimeters, a maximum of sixty. The color of the flowers is different – red, orange, pink or white. The only, and for some, a significant drawback of polyanthus roses is the lack of aroma.

Floribunda spray roses

This group appeared as a result of crossing two varieties: polyanthus and hybrid tea roses. This new species has inherited from polyanthic varieties an abundance of inflorescences on the plant, a beautiful shrub shape, continuous flowering, disease resistance and frost resistance.

From hybrid tea roses, floribundas got a wide palette of shades, delicate aroma and terry inflorescence. Now this group includes various varieties of roses with a bush height of thirty to one hundred and twenty centimeters.

Many- and few-flowered inflorescences, with single, semi-double or double flowers, white, lavender, coral, orange, red, yellow and other shades.

Grandiflora Shrub Roses

This group of roses is very similar to the hybrid tea variety in flower size and shape. They also bloom profusely and for a long time, like floribunda, however, they significantly exceed both species in terms of resistance to frost and growth strength.

The flowers are collected in small inflorescences of golden, coral, red or other colors and are not fragrant. Grandifloras grow up to two meters high and can also often be found in hedges or in borders in garden plots.

In the garden, where grandiflora spray roses are planted, comfort and charm reign. There are few flowers suitable in shape and color with the same abundant and long flowering and fragrance. No wonder designers often use shrub roses in landscape design.

The use of spray roses in landscape design

By growing different varieties in the garden with different flowering times and colors, you can create beautiful and original compositions of spray roses that will delight you with a wonderful aroma and color palette throughout the summer.

Spreading rose bushes will look great in the center of the rose garden as a single plant, as well as planted in square, triangular or rectangular rosettes.

However, spray roses are not suitable for decorating curly clubs with swirls, corners or fancy patterns. You can choose any species or several for growing on your site, however, before doing this, you need to pay attention to the features of caring for spray roses.

Shrub roses grow quite quickly and become hardy and strong plants, not too fastidious and do not require such care as climbing or standard varieties of roses.

In order for shrub roses to please you with intense and beautiful flowering, it is advisable to plant them in the sun, but so that the groundwater runs deep and is protected from the wind. These roses prefer heavy and humus-rich, slightly acidic soil that is well breathable.

When planting seedlings, a certain distance between seedlings must be observed (depending on the type of rose).

Caring for spray roses in the open field

Regular pruning is of primary importance in caring for spray roses: – in the first year of planting, the first unblown (about the size of a seed) buds are first removed from the seedlings, they can be left in the second half of summer.

Strongly growing shoots will also need to be pinched;

– for the next year and subsequent pruned in the spring weak and damaged sprouts from crossing branches with a dark color of the bark;

– strong branches are cut in the center of the bush;

– remove frozen buds until well swollen;

– in the summer they look through the bushes and remove faded flowers together with the pedicel, cut off dried and blind shoots;

– provide good ventilation of the bushes to avoid the appearance of various diseases;

– follow the outline of the crown and cut the “protruding” branches. During the whole season, it is necessary to remove dry petals and fallen leaves, as they quickly rot, thereby violating the aesthetic appeal of the shrub, and can contribute to the development of diseases.

Shrub roses prefer moderate watering, but that the earth does not dry under them. Twice a season it is necessary to apply phosphorus-potassium fertilizers, and for the winter it will be enough to spud a bush.

Rose classification

Unfortunately, at the moment there is no clear, correct and most importantly understandable world classification of roses. Even within the UK itself, there are differences in assessment parameters between the National Rose Society of Great Britain and the British Rose Breeders Association. The most powerful, to date, two German breeding firms Tantau and Kordesa find contradictions with the World Federation of Rose Societies and the Committee on Nomenclature. Domestic classification, developing alone, only added to the confusion. Varieties of roses of foreign selection (mainly German) falling into our climatic zone, with our ecology and office work, sometimes differ greatly from the original, licensed varieties. In addition, the classification of varietal roses over a long period of their cultivation has repeatedly undergone changes, new groups appear. Nevertheless, there are “settled”, generally accepted groups of roses.

1. Standard roses
The “queen” of flowers must have a throne, and therefore its role is perfectly performed by the stem on which she sits nobly. Standard roses are the pinnacle of perfection! This is a CLASSIC!!!
Standard rose is a small (from 60 to 180 cm) rose tree. The trunk itself (trunk) is a wild rose shoot on which, at a certain height, a rose cultivar of one or two colors (varieties) is grafted. Depending on the design or composition, any group of roses can be grafted onto a stem (rosehip rootstock). The height of the trunk should correspond to the selected group of roses.
Border and spray roses (pot form) 60-90cm.
Bed and floribunda 90-120cm.
Hybrid Tea 120-140cm.
Climbing and ground cover (weeping or cascading form) 140-180cm.
The standard rose is not a separate independent group, it is a special cultivation technology, when the grafting is done not in the root collar, but in the upper part of the stem (rose hip).

2. Climbing roses (curly).
Form shoots from 2 to 5 meters long, with which they braid: pergolas, arbors, arches or fences. There are Rambler roses and Climber roses (Climing bud mutation).
Ramblers are mainly varieties of the old selection. They have long, thin, soft, highly branched shoots that require support. Since the ramblers have a very dense bush and good foliage, they are often used in vertical gardening of fences and retaining walls. Flowering in ramblers is usually once, but very plentiful and long (20-30 days). Small flowers are collected in large loose inflorescences, located along the entire length of last year’s shoot. Ramblers should not be cut short as they have a two-year flower bud development cycle. In the first year, replacement shoots grow, on which, in the second year, flowering occurs on lateral shoots. Flowers at ramblers appear only on the shoots of the last year, the most diverse colors, often odorless.
Climbers – characterized by thicker and more powerful shoots. Climbers have an increased ability to shoot and re-bloom. Climbers bloom mainly on the middle and upper parts of the shoots. Flower buds are formed both on last year’s shoots and on shoots of the current year. Large flowers (from 8 to 16 cm) collected in small loose inflorescences. In shape, the flowers are cup-shaped or similar, in structure and smell, to hybrid tea roses. Autumn flowering is not so intense, since during this period new, powerful replacement shoots grow near the bush.

Claimings – are obtained as a result of a kidney mutation, when for some reason (climate change, violation of agricultural technology, etc.) a failure occurs at the gene level. When already existing hybrid tea or floribunda varieties begin to grow longer shoots.
Magnificent and classic look climbing roses that weave around columns, grottoes, canopies and cozy arbors.

3. Park roses (scrubs, solitaires).
Differ from hybrid tea roses in more vigorous growth, frost resistance and unpretentious care. These include now popular English roses. They are used both in solitary plantings and in the form of a green hedge.
Flowers are sometimes used as cut flowers for romantic bouquets. Park roses have lush, tall bushes in harmony with nature.
Large, densely double, ancient-shaped flowers (sometimes “square”) collected in small loose inflorescences. Even after the flowering of the central, larger flower, it does not lose its decorative effect and looks natural. The coloring, often fragrant, of flowers is the most diverse, but calm (pastel) natural colors predominate.
So that park roses do not lose their natural appearance, they are given minimal (sanitary) pruning. This group of roses has an increased resistance to disease.
Park roses look great in compositions with elements of “old times”, when the effect of an old “abandoned” rose garden is created.

4. English roses (romantic, nostalgic, vintage).
English roses conquered flower growers with their natural beauty. Noble cup-shaped flowers, mostly pastel colors, have a divine charm and intoxicating aroma.
The hallmark of all English roses is the very strong aroma of vintage roses.
Large, densely double, ancient-shaped flowers (often squared) collected in small loose inflorescences. Even after the flowering of the central, larger flower, they do not lose their decorative effect and look natural. Flowers are often used as cut flowers for romantic bouquets. The bushes are tall, lush, slightly sprawling, reminiscent of old roses. English roses differ from hybrid tea in more powerful growth, frost resistance and unpretentious care.
These include the now popular park roses.
In order for English roses not to lose their natural appearance, they are given light (sanitary) pruning.
English roses look great both in solitaire plantings and in romantic rose gardens with “old times” elements.
Buying English rose seedlings in a nursery is safe, profitable and convenient.
Buying English roses in a nursery to decorate your backyard is a great start to a romantic love story for the “queen” of flowers.

5. Hybrid tea roses (noble, large-flowered).
This is a group of cut varieties, which is grown both for landscaping and for obtaining quality flowers for bouquets (cut flowers). They are rightfully considered the “queen” of roses.
A distinctive feature of hybrid tea roses is a slender, upright bush, with powerful tall shoots. Bushes, usually from 80 to 160 cm high, have an increased ability to shoot formation (productivity). The tops of young shoots with leaves are often reddish-beet. The thorns are darker than the shoots, usually large, but rare. Vigorous varieties of hybrid tea roses with a large flower almost always have large leaves. Varieties with dark green, shiny, leathery leaves are less affected by diseases. In the group of tea-hybrid roses, the flower is usually fragrant, large (from 8 to 16 cm), often buck-shaped, elongated, with a high center, densely double, with dense petals and resistant in cutting. The flowers are located at the top of the shoot solitary, sometimes in small inflorescences. The color of the flowers can be very diverse – from pure white to black and red. Dark varieties usually have a stronger smell.
Recently, varieties with striped and two-tone colors have come into fashion. There are also varieties that have all kinds of shades, overflows, borders, etc.
Hybrid tea roses that are used for intensive cutting (when forcing in greenhouses) require more thorough care and enhanced feeding.
In terms of the beauty of the flower, the group of tea-hybrid roses rightfully occupies the undeniable first place.

6. Floribunda roses (abundantly flowering, flower bed, landscape).
They have medium, compact bushes in which numerous flowers are collected in the form of large corymbose inflorescences or panicles. Differ in plentiful, long blossoming and winter hardiness.
Low growing Floribunda roses are called Patio roses.
Most cultivars in this group outperform hybrid tea cultivars in a huge variety of color and flower brightness. Small flowers, of different doubleness, have a loose structure, sometimes odorless. The central flower is usually larger than the others.
Strongly branched shoots, well leafy, medium-sized leaves. Characteristic features of this group is increased resistance to diseases and adverse weather conditions.
Widely used in landscape gardening. Floribunda roses are indispensable in creating a continuously blooming rose garden.

7. Patio roses (landscape, discount).
Low growing Floribunda roses are called Patio roses.
Patio roses have low, highly branched, compact bushes, well leafy with decorative dark green foliage. Numerous flowers collected in the form of large corymbose inflorescences or panicles.
Patio roses were bred specifically for smaller patios. Possessing all the virtues that Floribunda roses have, low-growing Patio roses have concentrated a breathtaking riot of colors and long flowering. With a short stature and a small root system, Patio roses grow well in pots, tubs and flowerpots. Most varieties of this group are superior to hybrid tea varieties in a huge variety of colors, winter hardiness and disease resistance.
Patio roses are indispensable when decorating patio courtyards with floor (vase) compositions.

8. Spray roses (family, bouquet).
Spray roses are low, upright, very unusual and decorative shrubs. Numerous small flowers, shaped like hybrid tea roses, collected in the form of dill inflorescences. On one shoot, there is usually one inflorescence in which there are up to 30 or more decorative flowers arranged corymbose. Each flower has a separate elongated peduncle. The central flower is larger and blooms first.
This is a relatively recent group of gift roses, where one flowering shoot is already an original bouquet.
Grows well in outdoor pots and tubs.
Spray roses are widely used as a cut group of roses, as well as an original element in landscaping flower beds and borders.

9. Ground cover roses (landscape, creeping).
They have an arched or creeping shape of a bush and therefore are indispensable in decorative landscape gardening. With a close planting of two or three ground cover roses with different colors, an illusion of a multi-colored carpet is created. The height of a bush of ground cover roses is usually less than the width. This group has an increased ability to shoot formation.
Long, strongly branched, lying on the ground, shoots are densely covered with hard, dark green, shiny leaves.
With the ability to additional root formation, some varieties grow in diameter to an impressive size, creating a continuous flowering carpet. Medium and small flowers form small inflorescences along the entire length of the shoots.
Minimal care for ground cover roses. Almost no weeding or pruning required. Ground cover roses are extremely disease resistant, very winter hardy, bloom profusely and continuously.
Widely used in decorative landscaping of slopes, terraces and retaining walls.
Indispensable in cascading compositions when decorating stairs and balconies. Grow well in floor and hanging flowerpots.

10. Border roses (potted, mixed roses).
Border roses with very small flowers are called miniature roses.
Differ in small growth, which have small flowers and leaves. They grow well in pots, flowerpots and hanging planters. Indispensable in rockeries and alpine slides. Recently, they are often used in “carpet” flower beds.
Border roses have a small, compact, well-branched bush. Most often, the bush is formed spherically.
Leaves are usually small, shiny, disease resistant. Flowering is abundant and long.

Small flowers are a true work of nature. Some varieties, according to the structure of the flower, and in the variety of colors, are not inferior in beauty to the group of hybrid tea roses and resemble a piece of jewelry.

11. Miniature roses (mini roses).
Border roses with very small flowers are called miniature roses.