Marigolds seed: Marigold Seeds & Plants – Specialty Annual Flowers

Big Duck™ Yellow Marigold Seeds

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  • Big Duck™ Yellow Marigold Seeds

Produces more flowers for longer than most marigolds

Days to Maturity: 30 to 35 (short day length), 40 to 45 (long day length)

All-America Selections (AAS) Winner 2019

Big Duck™ Yellow, a natural semi-dwarf F1 marigold, is an annual offering summer through fall interest, blooming up to the first frost. Highly floriferous, Big Duck™ Yellow produces more flowers for longer than most marigolds. Borne singly or in clusters on sturdy stems, the 4-inch, bright yellow, fully double blooms attract butterflies and hummingbirds. The flowers last a long time in the garden or vase and can be dried for everlasting arrangements.

A Tagetes erecta, commonly called African marigold, Aztec marigold, American marigold, or big marigold, Big Duck™ Yellow has a uniform, compact, bushy habit with a carpet-like spread and a vigorous growth rate. Shown to best effect when mass planted, Big Duck™ Yellow is perfect for landscapes, beds, and borders and makes a great filler for container gardens and large plantings.

Easy to grow, Big Duck™ Yellow is low maintenance. The plant prefers full sun and average, evenly moist, well-drained soil. It holds up to rain and is high heat and drought tolerant, generally pest and disease free, and deer resistant. Deadheading is not required but removing spent blooms regularly encourages and prolongs flowering, and pinching off the tops of established plants results in bushier plants with a heavier bloom.

Direct sow marigold seed after the last frost as soon as the soil is warm in spring or start seeds indoors 6 to 8 weeks before the last frost and transplant after all threat of frost has passed.

If you plan to start your seeds indoors, be sure to check out our Bio Dome Seed Starter Kit. With the Bio Dome, you can control the temperature, light, and soil mix to ensure your seeds become strong for transplant.


Skip Product Specs

Genus Tagetes
Species erecta
Variety Big Duck™ Yellow
Item Form (P) Pkt of 25 seeds
Seeds Per Pack 25
Plant Height 10 in – 15 in
Plant Width 8 in – 13 in
Bloom Size 3 in – 3.5 in
Additional Characteristics Easy Care Plants, Flower, Butterfly Lovers, Award Winner
Bloom Color Light Yellow
Foliage Color Medium Green, Dark Green
Light Requirements Full Sun
Moisture Requirements Moist,  well-drained
Soil Tolerance Normal,  loamy
Uses Beds, Containers, Border

Fireball Marigold Seeds | Park Seed


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  • Fireball Marigold Seeds

Double blooms change colors

Meet the most distinctive marigold we have ever grown. Fireball is a blaze of color over many months, its big double blooms opening a rich shade of red and then maturing to orange, bronze, and gold. It’s like getting a mix of colors in a single packet of seeds.

These flowers measure about 2½ inches wide, packed with frilly petals and that characteristic marigold aroma. (Like it or not, it’s a great pest deterrent.) They are great for cutting, and they last a long time in the garden. For the best color show, try sowing some Fireball seeds every 2 weeks for a month or more. You’ll always have new red flowers among the orange, bronze, and gold.

This plant is quite compact, though the branching is good and the flowering profuse. Just 10- to 12-inches-high, it spreads no more than 8 inches wide, so you can show it off in containers as well as the sunny annual bed. It’s also a nice choice for edging the driveway and garden paths, because every time you look, the colors are different.

Fireball is a French Marigold, easy to grow and as valuable in the tomato patch as it is in the annual bed and patio container. Marigolds kill nematodes, soil-borne pests that can destroy your tomato plants. So when you grow this beauty, sprinkle a few seeds around your favorite veggies and watch them grow and fruit better than before.

Marigold is best direct sown in the warm spring soil, after all danger of frost is past. However, sometimes we just can’t resist starting it indoors for even quicker blooms. In that case, the 40- or even 18-cell Bio Dome is a good choice for these long, slender seeds.

Give Fireball plenty of sunshine and good soil drainage, and keep it watered and fed for nonstop flowers from summer into fall. There’s no harder-working nor more useful annual in garden or container.


Skip Product Specs

Genus Tagetes
Species patula
Variety Fireball
Bloom Start to End Early Summer – Mid Fall
Habit Compact
Plant Height 10 in – 12 in
Plant Width 6 in – 8 in
Bloom Size 2.5 in
Additional Characteristics Direct Sow, Easy Care Plants, Edible, Flower, Bloom First Year, Butterfly Lovers, Needs Deadheading, Fragrance, Free Bloomer, Ever Blooming, Long Bloomers, Cut-and-Come-Again, Double Blooms, Pest Fighter
Bloom Color Red, Multi-Color, Orange, Dark Gold
Foliage Color Dark Green
Light Requirements Full Sun
Moisture Requirements Moist,  well-drained
Resistance Heat Tolerant, Humidity Tolerant, Pest Resistant, Disease Resistant, Deer Resistance
Soil Tolerance Normal,  loamy
Uses Beds, Containers, Cut Flowers, Outdoor

growing from seeds, planting and care, varieties and properties


Elena N.

Category: Garden Plants Reissued: Last edited:


  • Listen to article
  • Planting and caring for marigolds
  • Botan Description
  • Growing marigolds from seeds
    • Preparing seeds for planting
    • When to sow seedlings
    • When to plant marigolds
  • Caring for marigolds
  • Marigolds after flowering
  • Properties of marigolds
  • 90 011 Species and varieties

    • Upright marigolds (Tagetes erecta)
    • Short marigolds ( Tagetes patula)
    • Thin-leaved marigolds (Tagetes tenuifolia)
  • Literature
  • Useful links
  • Continuing topic
  • Comments

Marigolds are constantly on duty in flowerbeds all over the world. It didn’t work out with seedlings of some fashionable novelty, you missed the deadlines or you are afraid to take on capricious beauties – plant marigolds! They will never let you down!

Probably not a single flower can boast with such confidence that it is loved not primarily for its beauty. And for endurance and unpretentiousness, for continuous flowering, for healing and even magical properties, for aroma and even taste!

  • Why marigolds from domestic seeds are “not like that”?
  • Do marigolds from purchased seeds turn out to be frail and inconspicuous?
  • How to help marigolds “breathe”?

Read our article.

  • Calendula: growing in the garden, types, properties

Listen to article

Planting and caring for marigolds

  • Planting: sow outdoors in late May or early June. For seedlings – in March.
  • Flowering: from June until frost.
  • Lighting: bright sunlight or partial shade.
  • Soil: loamy, well moistened at the beginning of the growing season, nutritious, neutral.
  • Watering: regular and sufficient until flowering, then moderate.
  • Top dressing: with mineral solutions: 1st – at a seedling height of 10 cm, 2nd – during budding, 3rd – at the beginning of flowering.
  • Cutting: possible but not required.
  • Reproduction: seed.
  • Pests: spider mites, thrips, aphids, caterpillars, snails, slugs.
  • Diseases: gray mold, blackleg, root rot, viral infections.

Read more about the cultivation of marigolds below

Marigolds (lat. Tagetes) is a genus of perennial and annual plants belonging to the Asteraceae or Compositae family. Plants are native to South and Central America. They have long been used in the rituals of local Indian tribes, as well as to get rid of various diseases. Marigolds came to Europe in the 16th century and were the first overseas flowers that appeared in Russia. Marigold flowers owe their name to Carl Linnaeus, who named them in honor of Tages, the Etruscan demigod, the grandson of Jupiter, who became famous for his gift of soothsayer and beauty.

Today, marigolds, or, as they are also called, Chornobryvtsy, number about 40 species and are cultivated in many countries of the world.

Botanical description

Marigold stems – erect or branched, forming a bush from 20 cm to 130 cm high. green. Flower baskets in different shades of yellow, brown and orange. The median flowers are tubular, bisexual, the marginal ones are pseudolingual, five stamens. The pistil has two stigmas, the ovary is inferior. Marigolds bloom very abundantly from June until the first frost. The fruit is a linear achene. Seeds of marigolds give abundant self-sowing and remain viable for 3-4 years. A strong spicy smell is not exuded by flowers like marigold leaves.

Growing Marigolds from Seeds

Planting marigolds is not difficult even for a beginner, as these flowers are completely unpretentious. You can dig in a ready-made flowering bush, and it will almost certainly be accepted and will delight you with long flowering. And you can easily sow the seeds directly into the open ground. This should be done in May, when the soil warms up sufficiently. Make a furrow about 5 cm deep with a chopper, spill it with water, sow seeds in the furrow and sprinkle them with earth. After a couple of weeks, sprouts will appear, and if they sprout too densely, plant them out.

How and, most importantly, when to sow petunias for seedlings

But for those who are not looking for easy ways and are ready to test themselves as a breeder, we will tell you how to sow marigolds, how to grow marigolds from seedlings, how marigolds are obtained from seeds and when to plant marigolds for seedlings.

Preparing seeds for planting

Marigold seeds are purchased only for the first planting, because at the end of flowering you will easily get seeds from your faded marigolds. You just need to let a few inflorescences dry well right on the bush and, if there is no rain, you can easily remove the ripened seeds from the calyx, dry them and store them until spring sowing. Just remember that almost all marigolds that exist in the culture are hybrids, which means that every fourth seedling does not retain varietal properties and can inherit either paternal or maternal traits.

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Many flower growers plant marigolds for seedlings with germinated seeds. For germination, spread the seeds on a saucer covered with a damp cloth, place the saucer in a plastic bag and place in a warm place. After three days, the seeds should hatch.

In the photo: Marigold seeds

When to sow for seedlings

The earlier you sow marigolds for seedlings (even in early spring), the faster they will bloom. If you grow different species, then know that upright marigolds are sown earlier than others (in mid-March), stunted and small-leaved marigolds are sown in early April, and then all three species will bloom in June. Growing seedlings of marigolds is a simple process, but there are moments that should not be missed. Prepare a mixture of soil: humus, peat, turf, sand (1; 1; 1; 0.5) and disinfect by spilling a fungicide disinfectant solution or a dark pink solution of potassium permanganate.

Make sure that at the bottom of the container there is a drainage layer of crushed stone, sand or expanded clay 3 cm high, apply fertilizer to the soil (any organic matter, except for fresh manure).

At a distance of 1.5-2 cm from each other, make grooves, place the seeds in them and sprinkle with a small layer of soil. You need to water very carefully so that the water does not wash the seeds out of the soil. The containers are kept in a warm place (22-25 ºC) and make sure that the soil does not dry out. Sprouts should appear no later than a week later, then the container should be moved to the light and the temperature should be slightly lowered (15-18 ºC).

In the photo: Sowing marigold seeds for seedlings

When to plant marigolds

Seedlings are planted in open ground when the threat of late frost has passed: marigolds come from warm regions and do not tolerate cold weather. In addition, you need to wait until the seedlings have at least 3 leaves and a powerful root system. This usually happens in late May or early June. Marigolds need soil that is nutritious, well-moistened in the first half of summer, loamy and neutral. If the soil is infertile, you will have to fertilize 2-3 times during the growing season.

In the photo: Marigold seedlings in pots

The distance between seedlings depends on the species and variety. High marigolds are planted every 40 cm, the distance between rows is also 40 cm (40×40 scheme), medium-sized – according to the 30×30 scheme, undersized – 20×20. After planting, there is a need for frequent and abundant watering of the marigolds, because despite the fact that they are considered drought-resistant plants, if the marigolds are not watered, they will grow frail, and their inflorescences will be small.

In the photo: Flowering of marigolds in flowerbed

Caring for marigolds

Marigolds love bright light , and although they tolerate both partial shade and even shade, they bloom most magnificently in the strongest sun. During the growth of , watering should be sufficient, but as soon as inflorescences begin to form, watering should be reduced so that moisture does not stagnate: plants rot and do not bloom from this. It is not necessary to fertilize marigolds, but if you feed them, the marigolds will respond with gratitude. You need to feed with complex fertilizers when the seedlings reach a height of 10 cm, then when the first buds appear and, finally, at the very beginning of flowering.

  • Gaillardia: growing from seeds, types and varieties

Marigolds need regular weeding and loosening the soil otherwise they have difficulty breathing. In summer, if the marigolds are overgrown, trim to form beautiful bushes. Remove faded buds and the plants will bloom even more. The peculiar aroma of marigolds and the phytoncides contained in them serve as protection against fungal diseases not only for the plants themselves, but also for those that grow in the neighborhood. It is not for nothing that many flower growers frame the entire garden plot with plantings of marigolds. But if the summer is too wet, then snails and slugs . The smell of bleach placed in jars between plants can scare them away.

Sometimes leaves and stems still show gray mold . In this case, the affected plants will have to be destroyed so that they do not infect the rest of the marigolds. In a dry summer, plants can be attacked by a spider mite, which will have to be fought by spraying with an infusion of onions, yarrow, red hot peppers. But to prevent this from happening, try to increase the level of humidity in the air by spraying water around the marigolds several times a day.

Marigolds after flowering

As a rule, decorative marigolds are annual plants, so after flowering they are simply pulled out during autumn digging. If you want to grow marigolds next year, collect the seeds, dry them and store them until the end of March or the beginning of February.

Do not throw away the dried flowers, they will be useful to you in the household and in the first-aid kit. For example, if you have to work at the computer for a long time, eat 2-3 small heads of dark-colored marigolds before meals or adding them to a salad.

In the photo: Dried marigolds

In case of roundworms or pinworms, adults should eat 5, and children – 2-3 (depending on age) heads of marigolds before going to bed for a week.

If you throw a bucket of withered marigolds into the compost pit, there will be no gnats around.

How to properly grow snapdragons in a flowerbed (in the garden)

Place a bouquet of marigolds on the windowsill and at the front door, and unexpected unkind guests will pass by your house.

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And finally, here are some recipes that may be of interest to women:

  • Lip balm (to achieve softness): 2 tablespoons of crushed heads of marigolds, mix with 1 tablespoon of apricot oil and 1/3 cup of olive oil . Infuse the mixture in the dark for a week, then strain, carefully squeezing the raw materials. Lubricate lips as needed.
  • Facial lotion. Pour 2 tablespoons of crushed marigold inflorescences with a glass of boiling water and insist overnight, then strain, squeezing out the remnants, add 1 teaspoon of lemon juice and 1 tablespoon of vodka. Store lotion in the refrigerator. Wipe your face with infusion three times a day.
  • In case of inflammation or irritation of the skin of the face, prickly heat, use this remedy: 2 tablespoons of crushed heads of marigolds, pour one and a half glasses of hot water, bring to a boil, then leave for 3-4 hours under the lid, strain, squeezing the raw materials, pour in the juice of a large aloe leaf and 2 tablespoons of water. Store the composition in the refrigerator. Wipe the inflamed areas twice a day.

Properties of marigolds

A flowerbed of marigolds is an invaluable home pharmacy: modern scientific research confirms the healing properties of marigolds, known from legends and legends, so growing marigolds not only brings aesthetic pleasure, but also brings real benefits to human health. Lutein, for example, which they contain, reduces the likelihood of developing cataracts.

Traditional medicine also treats diabetes mellitus and inflammation of the pancreas with marigolds. Marigolds are medicinal, dried and then infused, they treat stomatitis, bronchitis, asthma and colds, purify the blood. To prepare the infusion, you need to pour a tablespoon of crushed flowers with a liter of boiling water, insist for three hours, then strain and drink a glass half an hour before meals for a month.

In the photo: Dried marigold inflorescences

Baths with the addition of marigold decoction have a beneficial effect on the nervous system, relieve stress and anxiety, so they are recommended for depression and neuroses. In addition, the peoples of South America have long used marigolds for food and as a condiment, and for making sauces and pastries, and for marinades. In the markets of the Caucasus, marigolds are sold as a powder, added to pilaf, satsivi and soups, and called “Imereti saffron” by culinary specialists.

The French grow marigolds on an industrial scale to satisfy their gourmets. Marigold leaves included in marinades give canned vegetables elasticity and a pleasant aroma.

In the photo: Dried chopped marigolds

And here is a recipe for homemade cookies that you will definitely like: beat 4 egg whites into foam; Grind 2 tablespoons of fresh marigold petals with 100 g of sugar; rubbing 4 tablespoons of butter, gradually add 4 yolks to it, petals with sugar, then 100 g of flour, and then carefully place the whipped whites on top and mix gently; put the dough on a baking sheet and bake until the cake is golden. Cut the cooled cake into squares.

Types and varieties

There are many varieties of marigolds in cultivation, but varieties of three types are popular: erect marigolds (usually tall), rejected marigolds (undersized) and thin-leaved marigolds, which are less common in our latitudes than others. The varieties of these three species are very diverse: among them there are large-flowered and small-flowered marigolds, terry and densely double marigolds of all shades of yellow, orange and brown.

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Tagetes erecta (Tagetes erecta)

Or African marigolds, are giants of the genus, their height is from 30 to 100 cm. Inflorescences, as a rule, monophonic and double, reach 15 cm in diameter. Among the most popular marigold varieties are Vanilla 70 cm tall with creamy white double inflorescences 12 cm in diameter; Kilimanjaro marigolds 60-70 cm tall with densely double spherical inflorescences; marigolds of Antigua, low, up to 25 cm tall, but erect, with large flowers – up to 15 cm in diameter, golden, lemon yellow, orange and bright yellow in color.

In the photo: Erect marigold Vanilla (Tagetes erecta)

In the photo: Erect marigold Yellow (Tagetes erecta)

In the photo: Kilimanjaro marigold (Tagetes erecta)

Short marigold (Tagetes) patula)

Or marigolds rejected , or French marigolds rarely grow above 60 cm. They are compact shrubs with many double and non-double inflorescences, the diameter of which rarely exceeds 8 cm. Varieties of the Bonanza series up to 30 cm high (Bonanza Bolero, Bonanza Orange, Bonanza Flame, etc.) are in demand among flower growers, which have a high decorative effect of double inflorescences of bright flowers 5-6 cm in diameter and a long flowering time; marigolds Carmen are very beautiful, decorating the flower garden with terry inflorescences with corrugated petals of red-brown along the edges and orange-yellow in the middle of the shades.

Pictured: Tagetes patula Bonanza Flame

Pictured: Tagetes patula Bonanza Yellow

Pictured: Tagetes patula

Thin-leaved marigold (T agetes tenuifolia)

Or Mexican marigolds , are very different from all other species. Firstly, they have very beautiful openwork-lace leaves, they seem to float in the air, exuding a delicate aroma. Secondly, their small inflorescences are so numerous that they resemble fireworks of red-orange, golden yellow and golden-orange lights. They have been cultivated since 1795 years old Today there are about 70 varieties. They grow no higher than 40 cm, have a powerful root system and adventitious roots on the lower part of the stems. Of greatest interest are the varieties Ursula (golden-orange inflorescences), Golden Jam, Gnome, Lulu (golden-yellow inflorescences), Paprika (red-orange inflorescences).

Photo: Tagetes tenuifolia

Photo: Tagetes tenuifolia

Photo: Tagetes tenuifolia


  1. Marigold
  2. Plants of the Asteraceae family
  3. List of all species on The Plant List
  4. More information on World Flora Online


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Marigolds how to properly grow seedlings from seeds

Even beginners can grow marigolds from seeds using seedlings. A more difficult task is to sow the seeds directly into the ground. Plants are demanding on soil and placement. Marigolds will delight with luxurious long-term flowering only if all agrotechnical conditions are observed.

Ornamental and botanical features of the plant

Marigolds from the Astrov family are called differently: Turkish carnation, tagetes, lights, velvet, Chernobrivtsa. The flower is very popular among gardeners. Most species of this plant repel pests from fruit and vegetable crops. Many grow a culture to obtain medicinal raw materials. In terms of decorativeness, a bright orange lush flower is not inferior to most garden crops, which are cultivated annually to decorate city parks and home gardens.

Externally, herbaceous plants look like small bushes with thick stems and strong branches. Depending on the species, the leaves are light green or rich dark green. They are located on the stems opposite each other or separately. Dense inflorescences have different shades: amber, red, yellow, brown, orange. Marigolds are varied in size. There are miniature varieties and tall varieties that can grow up to 1.5 m if well cared for.

Time and rules of planting when growing seedlings

Before understanding the question of how to plant marigolds with seeds, it is necessary to determine the timing. Planting time depends on the method of reproduction and the variety of marigolds. In most temperate regions, sowing begins in late February or early March.

The root system of marigolds is fibrous, so the plant develops poorly in a dense environment. The soil should be loose, fertile, with medium acidity. Many people purchase ready-made universal soil with a balanced composition, which includes the nutrients necessary for plants. If desired, you can make your own soil mixture. Mix in equal proportions:

  • Sand.
  • Humus.
  • Sod land.
  • Grassroots peat.

Fill containers with soil. Suitable for both general and individual with drainage holes. Pre-seeds are soaked for a day and treated with a solution of potassium permanganate. Seeds are placed in small wells after moistening. Planting depth no more than 1 cm. Distance – 6-8 cm from each other. Sprinkle soil on top and spray gently.

Caring for young seedlings

The rules for further care of marigolds do not differ from the general requirements for growing seedlings of all plants from the Asteraceae family. Planting boxes are covered with glass and left in a warm place. Periodically, the glass is removed to remove the condensate. With the advent of the first greenery, the containers are transferred to a cooler, well-lit place in the room. As soon as 3-4 leaves germinate, the seedlings dive. This procedure helps to strengthen the root system and protects plants from diseases. With close proximity of seedlings, the risk of fungal diseases is high.

The most important thing for seedlings of young marigolds is sufficient sunlight. Without it, seedlings grow poorly, and bloom poorly. In addition, plants require abundant watering, but without fluid accumulation. Do not overdo it, as waterlogging can provoke diseases that will not be easy to get rid of young fragile plants. The soil after watering should remain loose.

Planting marigold seeds for seedlings requires regular feeding. Without fertilizer, the growth of flowers can stop, in the worst case, the plants will die. Be careful with organics and top dressings, in which nitrogen predominates. An excess of this substance often leads to the fact that flowers grow only green mass. Flowering may stop or be very scarce.

When to transplant marigolds?

Seedlings are transplanted in May-June. Flowers tolerate this procedure easily and quickly take root. It is better to start planting work at a temperature of + 15 + 18 ° C. The site is preliminarily dug up and mineral fertilizers are applied. Holes are made in well-loosened soil, and the marigold sprouts themselves are planted so that the roots are deepened by 2-3 cm. After transplanting, the soil is slightly compacted and watered.

Growing flowers outdoors

Marigolds can be grown outdoors. Seeds germinate well, the main thing is not to rush into sowing and wait until the soil warms up. At low temperatures, seed germination deteriorates. Sprouts may appear, but grow so weak that no amount of care can save them. The optimal time is May or early June.

When planning outdoor cultivation, seed pre-soaking is not required. To avoid rotting, they are sown dry. For long-term lush flowering, choose dry areas with light fertile soil. The place should be sunny and open. If there is no such site, plant flowers in a semi-shaded area. Light-loving plants will please with seedlings, but you can not expect abundant flowering.

Planting rules are the same as when sowing marigold seeds for seedlings. Make shallow grooves, evenly spread the seeds, sprinkle them with earth and moisten. It is necessary to place the plants so that the flowers look harmonious, without obscuring each other. In a week, the first shoots will sprout. You can sow the seeds thicker, and thin out after emergence, leaving the strongest bushes.

Rules for the care of adult Tagetes

Try to plant several varieties of marigolds on the site at once. The main thing is to choose the same size, as short ones next to tall ones may not survive due to lack of sunlight. If the plants sprout well and take root, provide them with the necessary care.


The best time for water procedures is morning or evening. It is necessary to moisten the marigolds until the soil is completely saturated. Too frequent watering is undesirable. Watch the soil and clean it as it dries out. In hot weather, flowers are watered 2 times a day. You can use a regular hose, since marigold leaves are not afraid of vertical watering and water ingress.

Loosening and weeding

The marigold root system needs a constant supply of fresh air, so it is recommended to loosen the soil and weed the weeds regularly. This procedure can be combined with the removal of dried and damaged parts on the bushes.

Top dressing

During the season, adult plants fertilize no more than 1-2 times, during the formation of buds and the appearance of the first inflorescences. You can feed potash-phosphorus fertilizers. This will have a positive effect on the splendor of flowering.

Pest control

The sweet, tart aroma of marigolds is not liked by many harmful insects.