Marigold pot: How to Grow Potted Marigolds in 6 Easy Steps

How to Grow Potted Marigolds in 6 Easy Steps

Flowers

Marigolds are some of the most popular flowers in flower gardens and vegetable gardens each season. But how do you get them to flourish if you want them planted in a container? In this article, gardening expert Natalie Leiker walks through how to grow Marigolds in pots or containers in just a few simple steps.

By Natalie Leiker
Last updated: October 28, 2022 |
5 min read

Marigolds are popular flowering annuals that are often a staple amongst home gardeners. These bright vivid colored flowers are often seen as garden borders, in combination planters, or in raised beds.

Whether you’re looking to save space, or add a pop of color to your patio, marigolds make great potted plants. They have compact growing habits, and most varieties don’t get too tall or bushy – making them great options for small or large containers.

Marigolds are easy-going plants, but there are a few things to consider when potting them up. This article will go over some of the key points to consider when planting marigolds in containers.

Contents

  • 1 Step 1: Choosing a Container
  • 2 Step 2: Choose the Variety
  • 3 Step 3: Combination Planting
  • 4 Step 4: Transplanting
  • 5 Step 5: Choosing a Location
  • 6 Step 6: Maintenance
  • 7 Final Thoughts

Step 1: Choosing a Container

There are a few considerations you’ll need to make when it comes to choosing a container. You’ll have the option of choosing pots that have different materials, as well as those in different sizes. Drainage is also important. Let’s dig a little deeper.

Drainage

Make sure the container you choose has a drainage hole.

The most important thing when choosing a container is drainage. Make sure the container or pot you pick has at least one drainage hole in the bottom. They do not like to be kept too moist, allowing your pot good drainage is key to your plants health and happiness.

Plastic pots can be a great choice since they are lightweight and retain moisture well. Terra cotta or ceramic pots are a bit more pricey but last for a long time, and can allow for good drainage.

Size

It is recommended to choose a container at least 10 inches deep and wide.

Choosing the right sized container is another key element when picking out a container. Your container should be at least 10 inches deep and wide. If you want to plant multiple marigolds, or combine them with other flowers, the container size should increase.

If you are looking to plant other flowers along side of them, make sure the container is large enough. Most marigolds stay around 10-12 inches, but some varieties can get up to two feet tall! These varieties will benefit from a larger pot size.

Step 2: Choose the Variety

All varieties of can make great potted plants. What varies between the varieties is the color options and size of the plant – these are the things to consider when choosing your variety.

French, African, and Signet: What’s the difference?

The most common types you’ll see are French and African marigolds, which range in shades of yellow, orange, and red. Each of these marigold type will make fine potted plants, but some are going to be less common than others, and some will serve as more effective companion plants.

French Marigolds

This variety produces gorgeous flowers ranging from yellow to orange to red, and is the most common.

French marigolds are the most common type you’ll see. Otherwise known as Tagetes patula, they have fern-like leaves and crested flowers that range from yellow to orange to red. French marigolds tend to stay small in size, usually about 10-12 inches.

African Marigolds

This variety has globular orange or yellow flowers.

African marigolds, otherwise known as Tagetes erecta are another common variety. They have larger leaves, and large globe-shaped that are either yellow or orange, and grow taller than the French marigold.

These ruffled blooms tend to be larger than those of the French marigold but tend to have a shorter bloom period than some of their relatives.

Signet Marigolds

This unique variety produces simple flowers in shades of orange, red and yellow.

Also known as Tagetes tinuifolia, signet marigolds are a smaller variety that can add a different texture to the garden than that of the French and African.

They have fine, lacey foliage and small simple flowers that present warm colors: red, orange, and yellow.

Seeds vs. Transplants

While most people choose to transplant marigolds directly into their garden, growing from seed is also an option for ambitious gardeners. Let’s take a deeper look at what you can expect from each.

Seeds

Their seeds germinate within a couple of weeks after sowing.

Growing marigolds from seeds is a fairly easy process, they can be sown right into your containers! Seeds should be sown when the weather has officially warmed up for the year. Sow the seeds into your container when night temperatures are fairly warm.

If night temperatures dip below 50, your seeds will take longer to germinate or may not ever germinate. Seeds will take a couple weeks to germinate, so keep this in mind if you are wanting to add other flowers into the same pot.

Transplants

Be sure to protect new transplants from frost.

Transplanting marigolds into your containers is the easiest, fastest option of the two. Many nurseries will have already started marigold plants available in early spring.

If you live in a climate where a chance of frost is still possible in the spring, be sure to bring your pots in overnight or cover them with a frost cloth to protect them from the freezing temperatures.

Soil

These flowers prefer to grow in well-drained soil.

They grow best in fertile, well-draining soil. Choose a potting mix that has amendments such as perlite, vermiculite, or bark, as these components will promote good drainage.

An all purpose potting soil will work best for planting in containers, and most all purpose mixes have these amendments mixed in already.

Step 3: Combination Planting

Feel free to combine these flowers in the same container with other sunny annuals.

Looking to combine other plants or flowers in the same containers with your marigolds? This is a very popular technique and they make great companions for many other flowers and even some herbs.

The key to combination planting with marigolds is allowing all flower types enough space to grow adequately. Consider the mature size of all of your plants when picking out plants and transplanting.

Marigolds are considered full sun annual plants in most hardiness zones, and go great with other full sun plants. Examples of some full sun flowering annuals are zinnias, cosmos, and ornamental grasses. They can also be planted with herbs such as basil or oregano.

Step 4: Transplanting

Plant them not too deep in the container to avoid root rot.

To transplant, create a hole in your container where the marigold will go. Simply remove the nursery container from the plant and set it aside. Gently loosen the roots up on the plant, this will help it establish once planted.

Set the plant into the hole, and fill around the root ball – the soil line should be level with the container when it’s all said and done. You don’t want to plant too deeply, as this could cause the stem to rot. Planting not deep enough may hinder the roots from adapting to the new soil.

If you are adding other flowers to your container, I would suggest removing the plants from their containers first. I like to set all the plants in the container where I think they’ll  look best before filling in with soil. This allows you to rearrange them if need be!

Step 5: Choosing a Location

Always place these sun loving annuals in full sun.

Place your pot in a location that receives full sun. Marigolds grow best in full sun and being in a location that receives shade can hinder them from blooming or make your plants leggy. 

Step 6: Maintenance

Marigolds are low-maintenance plants once established. They will benefit from frequent deadheading and a consistent watering routine.

Deadheading

These annuals prefer the occasional pruning of wilted flowers.

They are easy-going plants that require little to no maintenance. They will benefit from occasional deadheading – this can promote new growth and flowers. When the old flower heads begin to fade and die off, simply remove them a couple of inches down the stem.

Water

Make sure the soil dries out between waterings.

Upon transplanting, be sure to water your newly potted-up plants really well. For the first few weeks, keep them fairly moist. This will help the young plants develop new roots and get adapted. Once established, they will not require as much water.

Allow the soil to dry out in between waterings, as they do not like to sit in water. Although they can tolerate periods of drought, this doesn’t mean you should completely avoid watering your plants. A consistent watering schedule is detrimental to plant health.

Final Thoughts

Growing marigolds in a container is quite easy compared to other more picky types of flowers! There are a few things to consider when planting in pots, but can be a great option for saving garden space or adding a pop of color to your patio this season.

How to Grow Marigolds in Containers

Marigolds are so easy to grow that they’re often recommended as a good plant for children to learn how to garden.

That easygoing nature makes them a fairly sure thing in the face of all kinds of gardening challenges, including container gardening.

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I know from experience that it can sometimes be hard to keep potted plants alive. They’re prone to drying out quickly, and if you forget to fertilize it can spell disaster. But marigolds make it easy.

They’ll forgive you if you get a bit lazy during the dog days of summer, and they’ll keep on giving you that bright, boisterous display.

We’re going to go over everything you should know to make these plants happy. Here’s what we’ll cover:

Tips for Growing Marigolds in Containers

  • The Best Cultivars for Container Growing
  • Choosing the Right Container
  • How to Sow
  • How to Grow

I don’t know what I’d do without marigolds in containers. My patio would certainly be much blander, that’s for sure.

There are some years when these flowers are the only things livening up my porch and stairs because I simply don’t have the energy for the more high-maintenance stuff.

But don’t assume that just because they’re easy they must be boring. You can find marigolds that can compete with just about any annual flower in terms of beauty.

Our guide to some of the best marigold cultivars out there can help you find the right one for you – and any variety can do well in a container.

Alright, enough chit chat. Let’s jump right in!

The Best Cultivars for Container Growing

Like we said, any Tagetes species or cultivar will do well in a pot or planter so long as it has enough room to grow. Pick your favorite and have at it.

If you want a marigold that is just a little better suited to container life because of its size or growing requirements, pick one of the following:

Moonlight

‘Moonlight’ is an African marigold (T. erecta), but unlike many other cultivars of this species, it’s fairly compact. It grows to about 14 inches tall.

It’s also notably tolerant of drought once established, so if you forget to water yours one weekend, all will not be lost.

‘Moonlight’

You can purchase a small packet, an ounce, or a quarter-pound of seeds from Eden Brothers to bring a little moonlight to your garden.

Naughty Marietta

This French marigold (T. patula) has bright yellow petals with a dark maroon center, all wrapped up in a petite little package.

This pretty cultivar stays under 14 inches tall with a mounding growth habit that makes it perfect for the edges of a container full of taller plants, or as a focal point all on its own.

Cultivars of this species are also typically regarded as more tolerant of wet conditions than other varieties may be.

‘Naughty Marietta’

Eden Brothers carries small packets, one-ounce, and quarter-pound packages of ‘Naughty Marietta.’

Red Knight

Another single-flowered French marigold, ‘Red Knight’ adapts to its environment. In a pot, it stays a bit more compact at around a foot tall.

‘Red Knight’

The dark red flowers and yellow centers stand out against the deep green leaves.

Snap up packages of 500 seeds at Burpee.

Choosing the Right Container

These plants don’t have particularly deep or wide-spreading roots, so they don’t need a massive amount of space to survive. That said, a plant with restricted roots won’t grow as large as it would otherwise.

The required container size depends on the size of the plant you’re growing. A miniature French variety (T. patula) will need a lot less room than a massive Mexican marigold (T. erecta), unless you’re growing a dwarf cultivar.

Of course, you’ll also need a larger pot if you wish to grow several plants together.

In general, a single French specimen or even a pot marigold (Calendula officinalis) will be fine in a six-inch container. Each additional plant should have another six inches of space available.

An African or Mexican marigold typically needs at least a 12-inch pot for enough space to grow a single plant, and an additional 12 inches per plant.

The container material isn’t as important as it can sometimes be with other types of plants. These flowers are pretty happy whether they’re in terra cotta, cement, plastic, wood, or glazed clay.

Just keep in mind that terra cotta and wood tend to dry out more quickly, while plastic and cement can crack in cold weather. Learn more about containers and the best materials to choose in our guide.

While Tagetes plants are pretty chill about the type of pot that you put them in, the one thing you can’t skimp on is drainage. Your pot absolutely, positively must have at least one drainage hole.

If the planter is larger than 12 inches across, two or three holes are better.

How to Sow

Regardless of the container you choose, fill it up with a potting-specific mix, such as Fox Farm’s Ocean Forest Potting Soil Mix.

I swear by this stuff for all my potted plants, indoors and out. To pick up a 12-quart bag, pop over to Amazon to find these available singly or in packs of two or four.

Fox Farm Ocean Forest Potting Soil Mix

Then, you have the option of planting seed or purchased starts. The benefit to planting seedlings is that, while they cost more, they mature and begin to bloom more quickly.

For planting marigold seeds, we have a guide that will walk you through when and how to get the job done.

Plan on putting in twice as many seeds in each pot as you’ll ultimately need, and pluck the weaker seedlings when they’re a few inches tall.

If you’re planting seedlings that you either purchased or started indoors in advance, wait until the last frost date has passed and dig a hole in the soil that’s slightly larger than the size of the seedling cell or nursery pot.

Remove the seedling from its pot, tease apart the roots a bit, and lower it into the hole. Firm around the root ball with fresh potting soil.

Give the plants a good soak so the soil is moist but not wet. Add more soil if necessary so it reaches about a half-inch below the lip of the container.

Place the pot somewhere that it will receive direct sun. If you have a spot next to a brick wall where other plants tend to wilt in the heat, marigolds will be perfectly happy to fill that area for you.

How to Grow

Now, for the easy part: enjoying your flowers. Your biggest job in order to keep them looking their best will be providing moisture.

If you live in a supremely dry and hot area, you probably already know that keeping containers moist is a challenge and a half.

Even though marigolds can tolerate drought, I highly recommend using a container watering system, a self-watering pot, or a water bulb.

Plant Watering Globes

You can buy decorative water bulbs for a song and they’ll extend the time between necessary watering. Amazon carries 14-inch glass watering bulbs from Evelots in sets of two or four.

For everyone else, be sure to add water once the top inch or two of soil has dried out.

You won’t need to fertilize for the first month or so after planting since there should already be plenty of nutrients in the potting soil that you used. After six weeks, add a balanced fertilizer diluted by half.

If you really want to make your flowers happy, use a fertilizer formulated for blooming plants.

I like Down to Earth’s Rose & Flower Mix, not only because it’s ideal for growing the biggest blossoms, but because you can use it indoors and out.

Down to Earth Rose & Flower Mix

Arbico Organics has this gardening staple available in one-, five-, and 15-pound packages.

Make These Cheery Flowers a Part of Your Patio Garden

Marigolds make a fantastic companion plant if you’re growing potted tomatoes, but they don’t need a friend to shine. They’re a reliable, beautiful option all on their own.

What cultivar are you planning to add to your container garden? Let us know in the comments section below.

Next, if you want to expand your knowledge of growing marigolds even more, you might be interested in the following:

  • How to Plant and Grow Signet Marigolds
  • How to Use Marigolds for Pest Control
  • Are Marigold Flowers Edible?
  • 7 Steps to Harvesting and Saving Marigold Seeds

How to grow marigolds at home in a pot: basic recommendations

Fri, 05/01/2018 – 14:15 | Comments: 3 | Author: OLCHUKS

Marigolds are one of the most common ornamental plants in Russia. They are grown both indoors and outdoors. The popularity of this flower brought unpretentiousness in care, as well as long flowering and unusual bright buds that will decorate any garden. Marigolds have many varieties and types. Even beginners can grow them at home, as the plant takes root perfectly in any apartment.

Contents:

  • Flower description, variety and species
  • Planting and care of seedlings
  • Flower care at home
  • Possible growing problems

Flower description, varieties and species

Marigolds were one of the first flowers brought to Russia from Europe. In different countries, this plant is called differently. So, for example, the British call it merigold, which means “Mary’s gold.” The Russian name “marigolds” was given to the flowers due to the velvety surface of the petals.

It is quite easy to grow marigolds in a pot at home.

The plant is easy to care for and does not require much effort. It blooms for a long time and profusely, so marigolds are often used to decorate gardens and front gardens. The flower has a fairly developed root system, as well as an upright stem. The height of the flower depends on the variety. Some varieties of marigolds can reach a height of 2 m, others do not exceed 20 cm. Of course, it is more convenient to grow undersized marigolds at home.

The leaves can have different shades of green and any shape, depending on the type and variety of the plant. Inflorescences can be simple, double and semi-double. There are also many shades of marigolds: yellow, orange, red. There are flowers that combine several shades at once.

The most common varieties of marigolds are:

  • African. These are low plants with large buds. They are most often grown on balconies and in gardens, as they look very beautiful and bright. In height can reach a meter, depending on the variety. They bloom very long and luxuriantly. Flowers can be double or semi-double.
  • French. This species has slightly smaller flowers, as well as side shoots deviated to the side. The maximum flower height is half a meter. The buds are often multi-colored, combining yellow and orange hues.
  • Angustifolia. These are compact bushes with small flowers and dense greenery. They bloom very profusely, flowering stops with the first frost. In height, such a bush rarely reaches more than half a meter.
  • Radiant. This plant is also called Mexican tarragon. It resembles a low bush with sharp leaves and small yellow buds, which, when dried, can be used as food coloring. The leaves are used in cooking as a substitute for tarragon.

This flower is grown not only for decorative purposes. Marigolds have healing properties. A decoction of this flower was used to treat eye diseases and diabetes. It is also used as a seasoning, added to marinades.

Planting and caring for seedlings

Planting and growing marigolds at home is quite simple. You can grow this unpretentious flower at home in a pot, as well as immediately sow in open ground or prepare seedlings. Marigolds are quite cold-resistant, so they are not afraid of planting in open ground. However, despite the cold resistance, marigolds do not like frost. Seeds can be sown in a permanent place at temperatures above 5 degrees.

Seedlings do not need special protection such as films and covers, but they need minimal care. When planting, it is important to follow some rules:

  1. The time for sowing seeds is determined individually. For seedlings choose March-April. If the seeds need to be sown immediately in open ground, it is better to do this in late April or early May, when frosts will definitely not return. In warm regions, planting can be done a couple of weeks earlier.
  2. Growing seedlings at home is very convenient. You can plant them already blooming (marigolds begin to bloom in 1-2 months), form flower beds.
  3. If marigolds are not grown for open ground, but for the home, it is best to sow the seeds in the fall, then in the spring the first buds will appear, which will delight with their flowering for a long time.
  4. The soil for sowing should be light, loose and fertile. It is desirable that it contains peat and washed sand. Don’t forget about drainage.
  5. To avoid infection, the soil can be treated with a solution of potassium permanganate or steamed. The soil purchased in the store, as a rule, does not need to be processed.
  6. It is best to choose a plastic pot or container. The soil should be slightly damp. Small grooves are made in it, no deeper than 1 cm. You need to carefully pour the seeds into them. There should be a distance of 2-3 cm between seeds.
  7. The pot must be kept at a temperature not exceeding 25 degrees. In a couple of days, sprouts will appear. However, if the seeds are old, the process can take up to a week.

Marigolds do not require any special care. It is enough to periodically water the seedlings so that the soil does not dry out. When the first 2-3 leaves appear on the seedlings, they can be planted in separate pots. Experienced gardeners claim that marigolds can be saved even with frost. If you cover them with a film, they will survive the cold and become stronger.

Flower care at home

Even the laziest florist can grow flowering marigolds at home. This plant easily adapts to any conditions and does not cause any problems when grown. At the same time, beautiful flowers can be used for cosmetic and medical purposes. Marigolds thrive on a light windowsill, in shade or partial shade, but light gives them more strength to bloom luxuriantly.

To grow marigolds at home, it is enough to follow a few simple rules:

  • Like any plant, marigolds need watering. They need to be watered every day during the hot season, and the rest of the time as the soil dries. Marigolds also tolerate drought well, but their appearance in this case deteriorates significantly.
  • In order for the plant to flourish and grow better, periodically loosen the soil. This will provide the roots with oxygen and the necessary moisture. However, loosening must be done very carefully so as not to damage the root system.
  • Withered buds should be carefully removed as they bloom. This will make room for new buds and give them more light.
  • At home potting soil is depleted rather quickly. There is no need to constantly change the entire soil and replant the plant, but you need to feed it. Specialized stores have a large selection of mineral fertilizers.
  • As a rule, marigolds bloom until late autumn, but in the middle of summer their flowering may decrease. To provoke a new wave of flowering, you need to cut the bushes.
  • After the marigolds have faded, you can collect their petals and seeds. If further planting of seeds is planned, then the largest and most even ones should be selected.

With proper care, marigolds grow quickly and bloom for a long time. A short flowering period indicates a lack of nutrients or moisture.

Marigolds are not only beautiful, but also useful flowers.

Parts of this plant contain a substance that repels midges, so it is planted in flower beds in the summer, and the dried buds are thrown into the compost pit. Many people use marigold petals for cosmetic purposes, treat inflamed skin, acne, and blackheads. You can also take a bath with them to get rid of depression. Marigold petals are also used for medicinal purposes, for example, for the treatment of intestinal parasites.

Potential growing problems

Marigold growing problems are rare. They do not require complex care, easily adapt to apartment conditions and independently release substances that repel pests.

Despite being highly resistant, marigolds are subject to the following diseases and pests:

  1. Blackleg. This is the most common marigold disease. It begins with a small light plaque at the base of the stem. Then this plaque darkens and resembles black spots. This means that the process of decay begins. It is impossible to stop decay, the plant will die. It must be dug up together with the root and thrown away or burned. The soil must be treated with a fungicide. If the disease has struck several flowers at once, you need to sprinkle the earth in a pot with ash. If this does not help, the only solution is to transplant healthy plants.
  2. Viral diseases. Viral diseases are manifested in yellowed and deformed shoots of marigolds. Black dots can be seen on the leaves and shoots, which will quickly increase in size. It is very difficult to cure such diseases. To avoid infecting other plants, the flower must be removed along with the root.
  3. Spider mite. Most often, this pest can be found on a young plant. As soon as the humidity of the air drops, it begins to attack the marigolds. First of all, the spider mite attacks young leaves. They begin to noticeably lighten and dry. A white coating characteristic of the spider mite appears on the stems and leaves. This pest does not like moisture. Regular spraying of the leaves will serve as an excellent prevention of the disease. Spraying with tobacco infusion and laundry soap will help get rid of the tick.

It is rare to see pests on marigolds. It is worth remembering that with proper care, the likelihood of disease is minimized. The main methods of prevention are tillage when planting seeds, as well as compliance with the humidity regime. Most often, marigolds begin to get sick with abundant or insufficient watering. In order to detect the disease in a timely manner and take action, you need to regularly inspect the plants for various spots and lesions.

More information can be found in the video:

Category:Flowers | Marigolds

pot volume, care and cultivation, how to plant

Growing beautiful flowers is a dream of every woman. They are not only pleasing to the eye, but every day they give a good mood and a charge of emotions. However, not everyone has the opportunity to garden, which may be far from the city. In this case, marigolds on the balcony are an alternative.

Marigolds will look great on an open balcony

The main reasons for growing marigolds on the balcony

There are several reasons why it is worth planting marigolds on the balcony:

  • attractive appearance, beautiful decoration;
  • creating a cozy environment;
  • a lot of useful properties;
  • pleasant gentle smell.

If you do not have your own plot in the country, but you want to pamper yourself with beautiful flowers in the summer, then this plant culture will be an ideal option.

The best varieties for planting

Marigolds in pots on the balcony are especially attractive. They may differ in shape, height, color and other criteria. In total, there are several varieties that are more suitable for growing on a balcony.

Undersized

The most popular type of plant suitable for pots or boxes is undersized. Height reaches only 60 cm.

Variety name Maximum height (cm) Features
Mandarin 30 Large flowers, pleasant to the touch. Painted in rich orange.
Petite 20 Small small inflorescences. The flowers are bright orange, red or burgundy.
“Gaby” 20-30 Large wide leaves. Flowers are lemon yellow.

Some housewives plant flowers in a pot, hang them in a planter and grow them on the windowsill or near the window. They noticeably decorate the room, create a cozy atmosphere in it.

Most common colors

Thin-leaved

The thin-leaved crop is especially attractive. Its green mass has an interesting openwork appearance. It also has a unique variety of colors and a delicate delicate aroma. Such marigolds include the following varieties.

Variety name Maximum height (cm) Color
Lulu 40 Light yellow.
Tengerin Gem 40 Bright orange.
Gem Red 40 Bright red or reddish brown.
Ursula 40 Multicolour.

In rare cases, their height reaches up to 40 cm. Basically, it ranges from 30 to 35 cm. Their length can reach up to 1 meter. Accordingly, they also require bulk containers.

However, many housewives still want to treat themselves to beauty and plant 1-2 plants. There are several varieties of this type.

Variety name Maximum height (cm) Color
Lemon Prince 50 Light yellow
Eskimo 35 Cream
Antigua 30 Yellow gold

The most suitable container for growing flowers is a deep and voluminous pot. It is not recommended to plant more than 3-5 seeds in one container.

Facilitating the cultivation of marigolds on a balcony

When it comes to flowers such as marigolds, growing on a balcony may seem like a very simple process. In fact, this is a very whimsical plant culture that requires the creation of certain favorable conditions.

How big to choose a pot

When choosing a pot, there are some features of the crop to consider. It is characterized by a tap root, so the depth of the pot should be at least 1/3 of the height of an adult bush.

Diameter depends on crop variety:

  • at least 20 cm for undersized;
  • at least 30 cm for upright.

Accordingly, the more magnificent the flowers, the larger the diameter of the container should be. As a rule, the maximum capacity for marigolds is 4-5 liters.

How to Store in Balcony Boxes

A balcony is an ideal place to grow flowers and has reasonably good lighting. However, it is still recommended to protect the plant from the direct rays of the sun and strong gusts of wind. In case of adverse weather, it is recommended to install special dampers.

Plants need to be shaded from the intense sun

Features of agricultural technology and care

Only fertile soil is suitable for marigolds, the best option is black earth loam. The distance at which it is recommended to sow the seeds depends on the variety:

  • for short ones – at least 15 cm;
  • for medium – not less than 25 cm;
  • for tall – at least 35-40 cm.

Closer fit is not recommended. The flowers, of course, will not die from this, but they will grow very scarce and dull.

Close planting leads to smaller flowers

Sowing

The process of sowing a plant crop is quite simple and does not require much time. It is carried out in several stages:

  1. It is necessary to fill the bottom layer of the box with drainage, a layer of 5-7 cm. As it is, you can use ordinary brick, pebbles or expanded clay.
  2. Fill it to the top with earth.
  3. Using a pencil, make small indentations at the appropriate distance from each other.
  4. Cover the seeds with soil and moisten it slightly.

At first it is recommended to put them in a dark and warm place, and as soon as the first shoots appear, you can continue to grow marigolds on the balcony in boxes.

If another plant culture has grown in the container before, it is better to disinfect it first with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.

Place the seeds carefully

Care

All marigold varieties tolerate drought well. Therefore, they often do not need to be watered. It is enough to do this 1-2 times a week.

However, if it is very hot outside, the potted soil dries out very quickly, so it is recommended to moisten it slightly daily. If fertile soil was used for sowing, then there is no need to additionally feed it.

Diseases and pests

Although marigolds are grown in balcony boxes, problems such as pest attack or disease development can occur. The most common of these are those listed below.

  • Spider mite.

This is a very small insect, the size of which does not exceed 1 mm. It is difficult to see it, but it can cause considerable harm to the plant. It multiplies quickly, hides under the leaves and sucks the juice from the flower, which causes it to wither and wither.

Spider mite

  • Gray rot.

This is a disease that can be recognized by the characteristic light spots on the leaves and stem, a fluffy coating also appears.

Gray mold

  • Mold.

One of the dangerous diseases that manifests itself in the appearance of an earthy hue. Unfortunately, it is very difficult to restore a plant after a defeat; in most cases, it dies.

Mold

  • Black leg.

This is a pest that can damage both seedlings and young flowers.

Black leg

In order for the tagetes on the balcony to please for a long time and not die, it is strongly recommended to increase the immunity of seeds – before planting, soak them for several minutes in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Also, waterlogging of the soil should be avoided.

Useful properties of marigolds

Experienced housewives say that growing marigolds on the balcony is not only the formation of beauty and comfort in the summer, but also the creation of your own home pharmacy.

The fact is that they have a lot of useful properties, among which are:

  • cataract prevention;
  • removal of inflammation of the pancreas;
  • treatment of diabetes mellitus;
  • improvement of well-being in respiratory diseases – asthma or bronchitis;
  • relieve stress and feelings of fatigue.

Flowers are used to create many folk remedies. However, before using them, it is strongly recommended to consult with your doctor.