How to use Liming Wax on Pine Furniture » Tree Farm Design Co.
Liming wax can give pine furniture a wonderful antique finish that adds virtual years, interest and character to a piece of furniture. The look of imperfect white caught in the grain, creases, nooks and crannies of a piece is a distinct finish that really sets it apart from simpler, less dynamic finishes. Basically if you are looking at a super old piece of furniture that has white highlights and you are wondering if you should take out a second mortgage to buy this French antique piece or try to recreate it yourself, the answer is liming wax, that and no do not take out a second mortgage to buy French antiques.
For the buffet project I was tackling I knew I wanted a stained pine finish with liming wax overtop. The stain would help age the pine to the point where it looked like it came out of an old farmhouse and not off the shelf of a big box store. The liming wax would further add character, like we made the buffet stack firewood or plant trees in the freezing rain, the good kind of character.
What is liming wax?
Liming wax is, according to Bob Villa, a mix of liming paste and a wax made of either carnauba, beeswax, petroleum or shellac. A liming finish has been popular for outdoor barns and outbuildings for centuries and has provided a measure of sanitizing, and also results in the classic pastoral white barn look. Liming finishes for indoor furniture has been used as a replacement for earlier lead based whitening finishes. Liming wax should be used if you want to accentuate the grain of the wood or the architectural details of a piece.
So it’s whitewash?
Hot take but I’m coming out firmly and saying no. Some people use whitewash and liming wax interchangeably but to me there is a pretty big difference. A whitewash finish in furniture is achieved by watering down a white paint and results in a more milky wash finish, it’s much more white overall versus the liming wax finish should highlight the natural color or stain of a piece and leave only the wax in the crevices or grain.
How do you apply liming wax?
What you need for this finish is:
- Wood stain or dye
- Liming wax – I used Briwax Liming Wax
- Wax brush or clean rags
- Paper towels or even more clean rags
- Did I mention clean rags?
- Clear wax
- Brown wax or dark wax
So the very first thing you need to know for the project is what the base color you are looking for. I was going for an aged pine look with the liming wax adding even further age to the overall appearance. Starting off with raw pine, it looked anything but aged.
For a few projects now I’ve used a mix of Minwax stains to get a rough approximation of aged pine that isn’t too red or orange but a nice medium toned down brown. The formula is roughly 2:3 Provinicial and Ipswich Pine stains mixed together. It’s not as interesting as DIY home chemistry like melting steel wool in vinegar overnight or melting down your kids toys and mixing it with their tears, but it’s the most effective mix I’ve found.
I actually made the mistake of going lighter with the stain here, probably using a 1:3 mix of Provincial vs Ipswitch Pine but that’s because I fundamentally misunderstood something about the liming wax. Lime is a bleaching agent. I’ll get there in a bit, but I should have gone with my tried and true formula here.
Applying the liming wax with the round brush or clean rag, you start by dabbing it on in random patterns. This is easier on places with cracks and crevices that you want to highlight versus flat surfaces where you just want to add some interest without making it look crazy. I should have targeted the knots and grain more.
The next step is to wipe this clean. What I should have done, is wipe off the excess and then use clear wax to remove the liming wax from the flats and from the areas that didn’t need to be highlighted. Sadly what I did was rub in the liming wax and dry wipe away the excess. The results looked pretty great at first.
This is almost exactly the finish I was hoping for. There is white liming wax highlighting the creases and the moldings along the pieces and overall the main stain color shines through. Unfortunately a few days later I came back down to my shop and it looked a little more like this.
It’s not a huge difference but over those few days the liming wax had bleached away most of the interest in the piece. There was very little difference or variation, it was all kind of a flat hazy white that was far more beachy than what we were looking for. At this point I was not really excited. I had spent a lot of time designing and building this piece, got the exact finish I wanted only for it to slip through my fingers like the time I lost three legged race right at the end at Field Day in third grade. Pretty much the same amount of crying. I was frantically googling how to strip off wax and start over at this point, and really not looking forward to that.
And then I found another option. Instead of taking away from the finish, I could add to it. So I bought some brown wax often used over chalk paint to age or distress finishes and applied that in areas to get back to the medium brown I was hoping for.
My process here was mostly just trying to knock down some of the more bleached out areas and leave the real white liming wax areas as highlights. This helped get back to a more interesting variated finish. It took a few tries to get the entire piece to a consistent look, and make sure to get more to an antique cottage or farmhouse look versus bleached out beachy look, but in the end I got there.
I would definitely use liming wax again but there were two clear takeaways for me.
- Don’t be afraid to start with a bit darker stain.
- Use clear wax when removing excess liming wax so that I don’t rub a bleaching agent in across the entire piece.
Liming wax is also meant to evoke an older piece of furniture. An imperfect finish should be embraced, especially when you are in the middle of finishing it and panicking if you just wasted weeks of effort building this thing.
Post Final Thoughts
After I completed this project I later tried again with making a reproduction antique door and finishing that with liming wax over stain. I took a lot of the learning from this project and feel like I got an even better result on that one.
What is Liming Wax and How To Use It
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Liming wax, a transformative tool for wood refinishing, adds a whitewashed aesthetic and shine to furniture. Perfect for DIYers and woodworking professionals, it’s a technique ideally used when you aim for a vintage or distressed look while preserving wood’s natural beauty.
What Is Liming Wax Exactly?
Liming wax, often referred to as lime wax or white wax, is a specially formulated product that’s primarily used for enhancing the appearance of wood furniture and other wooden items. The main ingredient of this wax is a white pigment, which is why it’s sometimes called white wax . This pigmented wax, when applied to bare, grained timber, settles into the wood grain, accentuating its pattern and texture and giving it a beautiful, whitened effect that’s both distinct and stylish.
This white wax is designed to work its way into the grain of the wood, highlighting its natural characteristics and giving a sense of depth and texture to the surface. It’s a particularly effective tool when applied to woods with a prominent grain structure, as it makes the grain patterns stand out in a striking way. When you lime wash wood, you can create more interesting finished pieces.
Moreover, one of the significant advantages of liming wax is that it not only enhances the wood’s aesthetic appeal but also provides a water-resistant and durable finish. This makes this type of finishing product an excellent choice for pieces of furniture that might be exposed to moisture. For added stain protection and to achieve a longer-lasting finish, it can be used in conjunction with a clear wax. This combination offers a level of protection and durability that’s perfect for high-traffic areas or frequently used furniture pieces.
Most Common Uses of Liming Wax
Liming wax, with its transformative properties, is often used for a variety of applications involving wood furniture. One of its most common uses is in furniture restoration, where it gives old, worn-out pieces of furniture a fresh, updated look. By applying lime wax to a piece of vintage furniture, you can enhance its character and give it a modern, stylish appeal while still preserving its original charm.
The specially formulated product is also regularly used to create distressed effects on new wooden crafts. It is particularly effective on deeply grained timber, namely oak, where the white wax can settle into the grooves, accentuating the grain and adding a sense of depth and texture to the entire piece itself. The resulting look is one of antique elegance and rustic charm, making this finishing product a favorite tool among woodworkers aiming to create pieces with a sense of history.
In addition to stain, liming wax is frequently applied to wooden floors and wall panels, offering a unique, whitewashed aesthetic that adds a touch of elegance and sophistication to any room. This whitewash application not only enhances the wood’s natural beauty but also provides the floor with a water-resistant finish that helps to protect the wood from damage, making it a practical as well as a decorative choice.
Another popular use for liming wax is to apply it as a finishing touch after a piece of furniture has been painted. The lime wax can be worked into the paintwork, giving the piece a distressed, shabby-chic look that’s incredibly popular in contemporary interior design. When sealed with a top layer of clear wax, the liming wax offers a long-lasting, water-resistant finish that’s perfect for everyday use.
Why Liming Wax is Ideal for Certain Projects
Liming wax is perfect for projects that require an enhanced rustic, antique appeal. It’s versatile, easy to use, and doesn’t compromise the wood’s original features. When you use liming wax, your wooden pieces will stand out with a shine and an attractive, whitened grain pattern.
How to Use Liming Wax: A Step-by-Step Guide
Applying liming wax requires a bit of preparation and a careful process, but the resulting vintage look makes the effort worthwhile. Here, we present the technique in a comprehensive guide that covers every step, from preparation to final buffing.
Necessary Tools and Preparation for Applying Liming Wax
For a successful application of liming wax, you’ll need a few tools: a soft cloth or brush, sandpaper, wire brush, and protective gear or gloves. Preparing your workspace with a well-ventilated area, and ensuring the wood is clean and bare, is crucial too.
The Process of Applying Liming Wax
The liming paste and wax application process requires careful execution. It includes a series of steps starting from safety precautions and preparation of the wood to the final sealer and touch-up with an optional coat of liming paste. Let’s delve into these steps.
- Safety Precautions: Safety comes first when using liming wax. Always use gloves, and ensure proper ventilation to avoid inhaling fumes. It’s also recommended to wear safety glasses to protect your eyes from any potential splatters.
- Prepare the Wood: Start by ensuring the wood surface is clean, dry, and free from old finishes. Use a mild detergent or wood cleaner to remove dirt and oil. Rinse thoroughly and allow it to dry completely before proceeding.
- Open Wood Grain: To allow liming wax to penetrate deeply, you need to open the wood grain. Using your brush or coarse sandpaper, gently brush along the grain until the texture feels slightly rough.
- Clean the Surface: Once you have an open grain, wipe the surface with a clean cloth to remove any loose dust or debris. This ensures a smooth, clean base for applying the liming wax.
- Apply Liming Wax: Now, it’s time to apply the liming wax. Using a soft cloth or brush, apply the whitewash generously, ensuring it penetrates into the opened grain. Work along the grain for best results.
- Work the It In: Once applied, use a cloth to work the product further into the grain. This helps the liming wax to settle into the grain patterns, accentuating the wood’s unique character and texture.
- Remove Excess: After it has settled, remove any excess product with a clean cloth. It’s important to remove the surplus product; otherwise, it could leave a cloudy residue, detracting from the desired finish.
- Buff the Surface: Following the removal of excess product, buff the surface to reveal the beautiful, whitened grain. Buffing also gives the wood a gentle, satiny sheen, enhancing its aesthetic appeal.
- Optional Top Coat: For added protection, consider applying a clear finishing wax. This seals the liming wax and provides a barrier against wear and tear. It can also add a glossy or matte finish, based on your preference.
Common Mistakes to Avoid When Using Liming Wax
One common mistake is to confuse liming wax with lime wash. While both can give a whitewash effect to wood, they’re fundamentally different products with separate application processes. Limewash is a type of paint, while liming wax is a finishing product. Another typical error is to use wet liming wax on sealed or painted wood. For best results, apply liming wax on bare wood, particularly open-grained timber, where the white pigment can settle into the grooves.
A significant oversight is neglecting to seal liming wax after application. A clear wax or sealant can create a more durable finish, protecting the lime wax and enhancing the project’s overall appearance. Not removing excess product or skipping the buffing step with a soft, dry cloth can also compromise the finished look. If wax remains on the surface, it can appear cloudy or uneven. It’s essential to wipe off the surplus product with a clean, damp cloth, ensuring a consistent finish.
Remember, the goal is to open the grain without damaging the wood, so be gentle when you sand, especially when using a wire brush or coarse sandpaper. Achieving the best possible result with liming wax requires careful attention to these details.
Where to Buy Real Milk Paint’s High-Quality Finishing Waxes
For top-quality wood finishing wax, choose Real Milk Paint’s finishing waxes. Trusted by woodworking enthusiasts, it ensures your project gets the professional, beautiful finish it deserves. Visit our online store today and start transforming your wooden pieces into charming, timeless treasures.
- What is Liming Wax and When Should You Use It?
- Choosing the Best Paint for High-Traffic Areas in Your Home
- The Importance of Proper Surface Preparation for Painting
- How to Remove Paint From Plastic
- Interior vs Exterior Paint: What’s the Difference Between Them?
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Whitewashing of external walls: how the work is done
Gusevsky Andrey Anatolyevich
How to whitewash the ceiling and walls yourself and do it right
Whitewashing the walls on the outside of the building is not done so often. This material is fading away. Although if you take cottages or industrial premises, then this coating material is used here not so rarely.
Whitewashing of walls with chalk or lime is used as application components. The second option is the most common. Today we will consider this issue in detail. As well as a video on how to whitewash the walls, you can see the details of this work.
Whitewashing houses: advantages and disadvantages
Whitewashing for walls consists of diluting lime or chalk in water and applying the liquid mixture to certain areas of the building. It is this coating that will serve as protection for the structure.
In today’s world, this way of decorating is not popular among the population. However, there are still summer residents who adhere to the traditions of the past generation.
| The advantage of whitewashing buildings is as follows:
|| Before you whitewash the wall, you need to know the negative qualities.
It should be said right away that almost any wall can be used for whitewashing. Even whitewashing of adobe walls is being done. But this is more difficult. After all, straw is such a material that must be carefully prepared.
If you are thinking about how to whitewash the walls with emulsion, then this is done according to the principle of applying chalk or lime. The principle is the same and will be described below.
Principles of working with limestone material and application rules
To whitewash a building using lime means that a pre-prepared mixture must be applied to the facade. To do this, a reference plane must be prepared. It must be even. After all, the coating will repeat all the irregularities.
Attention: Before you start whitewashing, it is necessary to treat the base of the facade with a primer, wait until it dries completely, and only then start whitewashing manually or with the help of special devices.
House whitewashing tool
Buildings can only be whitewashed in the evening or on cloudy days. Due to the fact that lime is not resistant to high temperatures, it is required to avoid exposure to the sun when working.
Attention: The composition must be homogeneous, there must be no lumps and clots. So when kneading it is worth using a drill with a nozzle. Then the mass will be homogeneous.
- If you have chosen a brush for applying the material, then it must be wetted. Some time before work, leave the brush in a jar of water so that its wooden base swells and the bristle particles do not remain on the surface that has already been whitened.
- According to the technology of whitewashing the facade of the house, it is required to cover the base in several layers. The first layer of lime is distributed in horizontal stripes. The second layer is applied after the first has dried. However, it is superimposed from top to bottom, that is, perpendicularly.
- If a distributor is used when whitewashing a building, then the rule must be strictly observed. Lime mortar is distributed by means of the apparatus at a right angle. This is necessary for economical consumption of material and uniform coverage of the entire surface.
Preparing the compound
Preparing lime mortar is easy. The composition of the mixture should include the following ingredients: hearth, slaked lime, wallpaper paste, table salt.
Preparing lime for whitewashing
- Take a medium-sized container , pour 3 kg of lime into it, mix it with 1 liter of water, add 100 g of salt and glue.
- Thoroughly stir the resulting mass so that there are no lumps . After adding water, until a total volume of 10 liters is obtained.
- Wallpaper paste will make the mortar sticky , which will make it easier for the whitewash to adhere to the wall surface.
- Salt is added to keep hands and clothes from getting dirty when touched . You can also add blue, then the solution will turn out to be a snow-white-white color.
Attention: It is a good idea to dampen the wall surface before starting work. Then the whitewash will be better applied and held on
Lime whitewashing principles
Before starting any whitewashing work, it is necessary to prepare the base so that the whitewash lays down well and there are no flaws afterwards:
- Before starting work, the surface must be cleaned. It is forbidden to apply this material on bases with rust, irregularities, and also with efflorescence and greasy stains.
- If there are cracks on the surface, then they must be processed and repaired. Old whitewash must be removed, you can remove it with a special brush. The entire surface is completely plastered (see How the facade of the house is plastered) and then primed. Before applying the whitewash, it is necessary to cover with a film all objects that the solution did not get on them.
Puttying wall cracks
- You can use a brush to treat small surfaces (see Paint brushes: which ones to choose). For large areas, rollers or a sprayer are best. Using a brush is the easiest and most cost-effective way.
Whitewashing exterior walls with a brush
- As mentioned above, the brush should be soaked in a jar of water to prevent the lint from getting on the whitewashed surface. It depends on how the final result of the work will look like.
- Large area sprayer used. Working with such a device requires compliance with the rules for applying whitewash. The distance between it and the place of application should be about 30 cm, and sprayed at a right angle. Then the material consumption will be small, and this is economically beneficial.
- Not everyone has the opportunity to buy a device, then an ordinary vacuum cleaner can be an analogue of a sprayer.
Experts can tell you how to whitewash walls and what to consider. Their advice is very helpful.
Warning: Lime milk is the best disinfectant for ceilings and walls. Prevents the appearance of mold, fungus and the appearance of bedbugs in the house. To make the mixture, we use water in the amount of 1 liter and slaked lime in the amount of 3 kg, mix them in a container
- when washing things. In order for the already whitewashed surface not to stain anything in contact with it, add ordinary salt in the amount of 100 grams.
- Pigment can be used to diversify the color range of whitewashing. It is worth noting that it must be resistant to lime material. For one kilogram of lime add 100 grams of pigment. For example, stable pigments – chromium oxide, soot, umber. Prior to adding pigments to the lime mortar, they must be diluted separately in water. Stir the pigment until a homogeneous mass is formed and leave for five hours. Then add the resulting mass to the lime mixture with thorough mixing.
- To reduce the possibility of cracking or swelling of the material on the surface, add 10% wallpaper paste . Then the solution will have ductility and stickiness, it will better lie on the wall.
- Water must be applied to the surface prior to whitewashing. The first layer is applied in horizontal lines. It should dry, and then apply a second layer perpendicularly, that is, from top to bottom. The piece should lay down evenly.
- Lime is not resistant to high temperatures, so do not work in hot weather . Also not resistant to sun exposure. This material is best applied in cloudy weather or in the evening.
- Material consumption per square meter is slightly 200 grams.
- Prior to whitewashing, primer must be applied to the entire base and allowed to dry. And then start whitening
Now you know how to whitewash the walls and you can do it yourself. It is also worth watching the video in this article and photos that will help you do the job right and foresee everything. The instructions are completely correct and if you follow them, then the coating will be applied efficiently and quickly.
7 tips on how to whitewash the ceiling and walls with lime, chalk, water-based paint
What could be simpler and cheaper than whitewashing? The appearance of numerous finishing materials could not completely force it out of the market, so it does not interfere with figuring out how to whitewash the ceiling and walls with lime and chalk, and also understand why water-based paint is often referred to as whitewash.
Contents of the article
Today the shelves of hardware stores are bursting with various finishing materials. Wallpaper of different types, decorative plaster, stone, tiles – choose what you want, but at the same time good old whitewash does not lose popularity . Among the main reasons are low cost, ease of application and environmental friendliness. These qualities are sometimes enough to turn a blind eye to the low durability of the coating. Let’s figure out how to whitewash the ceiling and walls with lime and chalk, decide whether water-based paint belongs to whitewash, and which material shows itself better.
#1. Advantages of whitewashing
Whitewashing ceilings and walls is not the most modern way of finishing, and far from being the most fashionable. What makes thousands and tens of thousands of people across the country still whitewash the old fashioned way? Whitewash has enough advantages:
- low price is the main argument in favor of this type of finish. When the budget is limited, and it is necessary to put the room in order, the choice falls on whitewashing. For this reason, gypsum and chalk are still actively used in hospitals, schools and other public institutions for finishing ceilings and walls;
- easy application. A person without special training will cope with whitewashing – no special skills, abilities and tools will be needed;
- neat appearance . Of course, in terms of intricacy and decorativeness, the whitewashed ceiling is inferior to the tension system, and the whitewashed walls are finished with Venetian plaster, but if you apply the whitewash correctly, you can end up with a fresh white surface with an even matte color. If desired, a dye can be added to the solution with whitewash;
- harmlessness, environmental friendliness , the ability to pass moisture and air. Ordinary whitewashing in this regard is far ahead of vinyl wallpaper and polystyrene foam ceiling tiles, so in some cases it will be even more preferable;
- lime whitewash has bactericidal properties , so it will become an additional protection against mold and mildew.
Among the minuses of is low durability (1-3 years), uncomplicated appearance and dirt when applied.
#2. How to whitewash: lime, chalk or water-based paint?
When talking about whitewashing, most often they mean lime whitewash . Lime (this is calcium oxide) is quenched with water to produce a material that is used in finishing.
The main advantages of lime whitewash :
- bactericidal properties of the material, so this finish is used in kindergartens, schools, medical institutions, even in wet rooms. The antiseptic qualities of lime also make it possible to actively use it in the arrangement of cellars and chicken coops. For the same reason, the bark of trees is treated with lime whitewash;
- if the lime mortar has been prepared and applied correctly, the coating will last for about 3 years or more;
- resistant to temperature extremes and high humidity. That is why lime can be used to decorate bathrooms if other materials are not affordable;
- excellent adhesion to almost all materials, including brick, wood, plaster and concrete;
- ability to fill small cracks;
- low price, which is typical for any whitewash.
With all the advantages, lime has some disadvantages . The main one is the possibility of getting burned, so all work must be carried out with gloves. Chalk is much safer in this respect. In addition, there is a chance of leaving stains and streaks. Allergy sufferers are not recommended to use this finish.
Chalk , like lime, is inexpensive and environmentally friendly, and among its additional advantages :
- safety in work;
- a deeper white that many people like more than lime whitening;
- can be used in rooms where allergy sufferers live.
Chalk, when interacting with water, is able to accumulate it, which leads to the appearance of cracks on the surface and rapid peeling of the whitewash layer, therefore, in bathrooms, kitchens and other wet areas, chalk whitewashing is taboo. If the application technology is violated, you can get not only spots and stains, but also bubbles. In addition, chalk whitewash stains.
There is such a thing as whitewashing with water-based paint among the people. This finish has nothing to do with whitewashing and refers to painting. It began to be attributed to whitewashing, apparently due to the composition of the materials used – these are paints based on cement and lime . Today, painting with mineral water-based paints can be considered the best alternative to whitewashing. Among the main advantages of this option:
- resistance to abrasion, temperature extremes;
- bactericidal properties;
- human safety;
- Easy to work with, fast drying.
However, the durability of such a coating is also not up to par, but the price is much higher than that of ordinary whitewash.
#3. How to determine what was whitewashed?
Probably, at least once in their life, everyone has heard that different whitewashes cannot be mixed. If lime whitewash was applied to the ceiling or wall, then when mounting on top of the chalky one, ugly spots will soon be observed. When preparing a room for finishing and evaluating the condition of the surfaces, it is very important to determine what whitewashing was done before.
Very easy to check . It is enough to wet a small fragment of the finish with water, and observe the reaction. Wet lime will darken a little, and if you rub the surface with your finger, there will be no white marks on your hands.
No. 4. How to wash off whitewash and prepare the surface?
Before whitewashing a ceiling or wall, it is necessary to prepare the room and surface for future work. The sequence of actions is as follows:
- , if possible, remove all pieces of furniture and decor from the room. What could not be taken out can be covered with plastic wrap and secured with masking tape;
- Old whitewash will be easier to remove if you wet it first. It is better to wet the surface in parts so that the moisture does not have time to dry. Some advise adding a little citric acid or vinegar to warm water, others use a mild soap solution. You can moisten the surface with a sponge or brush. It is enough to simply remove the wetted whitewash with a spatula. Fragments that fall off, it is better to try to drop them into a separate container, minimizing their contact with the floor. The remains are washed off with a damp sponge. Chalk whitewash is removed much easier;
- if there are visible stains , the surface must be cleaned up. Rusty spots are washed with water, and then treated with a solution of copper sulphate (the solution is prepared by adding 50-100 g of vitriol to 1 liter of hot water). Grease stains can be removed with a weak solution of soda ash: a rag is moistened in a 2% solution and applied to the contaminated surface until the stain disappears completely. Then the treated area is thoroughly washed with water. From soot, treatment with a solution of hydrochloric acid with a concentration of 2-3% can help;
- application of an antifungal compound;
- if there are noticeable cracks and dents on the surface, it is better to get rid of them. If the depth of irregularities is within 1 cm, then you can take putty for leveling, if there are cracks up to 3-5 cm, then it is better to take plaster. Putty can be found ready-made, you can – in dry form, it will need to be closed with the amount of water indicated on the package. Apply the mixture with a spatula, and level it with it. If there are large vertical deviations, you can use the building rule. Many experts consider it illogical to apply expensive store putty for cheap whitewash, so prepare the composition on their own . The easiest recipe: mix gypsum, chalk and wood glue solution in a ratio of 1:2:2. The glue solution is prepared by adding 30-50 g of glue to 1 liter of water;
- after the putty has dried, it must be rubbed with sandpaper to obtain a smooth smooth surface;
- primer application. In principle, you can take any ready-made composition, or you can prepare the primer yourself . One of the most simple and suitable recipes: dissolve 50-100 g of drying oil and 200 g of laundry soap cut into thin chips in 3 liters of hot water, 3 kg of slaked lime are diluted separately in 4 liters of water, then the two solutions are mixed and diluted with water to a volume of 10 -11 l;
- after the primer has dried, you can proceed to whitewash. It takes about a day to dry.
If your task is only to renew the whitewashed surface , then if there are small defects, they can be repaired with a cement-based putty, and then proceed to applying a new layer of whitewash.
No. 5. Preparation of whitewash solution
Since lime is used more often, we will start with it. The process of preparing the material is simple, but still requires care. So how to dilute lime for whitewashing?
- To begin with, it is worth preparing all the necessary ingredients in the required quantities. We need 10 liters of water, 2-3 kg of slaked lime, 150-200 g of aluminum alum, 50-100 g of coarse salt, which is pre-soaked, and a teaspoon of blue (if whitewash is needed) or 400-500 g of dye;
- Dissolve all components in a small amount of warm water (approximately 1 l), then bring the volume of the solution to 10 l and mix thoroughly;
- If you are preparing color whitewash solution , it is best to immediately prepare as much of it as is required to finish the entire surface. Otherwise, it will be almost impossible to repeat the shade, no matter how accurately you measure all the ingredients;
- if you have bought or simply have at your disposal quicklime , then you can extinguish it at home. It is enough to mix it with water in equal proportions and stir thoroughly for 15-25 minutes. After that, it is advisable to leave the lime for 15 days in a closed container – so it will lie as evenly as possible on the surface;
- The consumption of Lime Whitewash depends on the type of application tool and material characteristics. Average consumption of 0.5 l of solution per 1 m 2 surface.
Now consider how to dilute chalk-based whitewash :
- 30 g of wood glue, 3 kg of sifted chalk, 15-20 g of blue to enhance whiteness are dissolved in 5 liters of warm water. This amount of solution is sufficient for approximately 10 m 2 surfaces;
- The consistency of the grout can be checked with a knife. If you dip the blade and pull it out, the solution should not completely drain from it. If it drains, completely exposing the blade, then you can add a little more chalk, and it is better to do this in small portions.
Note that ready-made dry mixes are also on sale, where lime or chalk has already been mixed in the required proportions with other components – you just have to fill in the required amount of water.
These mixtures cost more if you take all the ingredients separately, but the difference is small.
6. How to whitewash the ceiling and walls: brush, roller or spray?
Theoretically, whitewash can be applied with the following tools:
- spray gun;
- vacuum cleaner with air blowing function.
We note right away that the first two options are more applicable – it makes sense to use a vacuum cleaner and a spray gun with a large surface area to be whitewashed.
Whitewash brush is a special brush made of natural bristles 15-20 cm wide. After use, the brush can be rinsed and reused later. To whitewash a brick wall, you can use a brush with natural bristles. It is advisable to soak it in water a few hours before use. In this case, the wooden handle swells a little and holds the bristles well, which will not fall out during the whitewashing process.
It is important to stir the mixture well again before application to make the hue even. The first layer is applied perpendicular to the window, the second – parallel to the frames. In this case, the stripes from the brush will be minimally noticeable. Experts recommend slightly moistening the surface of the ceiling and walls before applying the mixture.
Whitewash roller is better not to use . When there is only one layer, this tool will still fit, but when applying the second layer, the dried first one may fall off. If you act carefully, you can get a beautiful matte surface.
Sprayer and vacuum cleaner are taken only when a large surface is to be finished. The consumption of the solution increases, it is applied in a thicker layer, but it will be possible to mask small defects. If you have a sprayer at your disposal, then there are no questions.
Whitewash can also be applied with a vacuum cleaner if it has an air blowing function. Among the numerous nozzles in such models there should be a polyethylene cover with tubes. This cap is the atomizer. It must be put on a jar and connected with a hose to the outlet in the vacuum cleaner.