Hacienda house: The History And Architecture of Hacienda Style Homes

The History And Architecture of Hacienda Style Homes

By Rachel Brown

Rachel Brown Interior Design, Renovation

Rachel is a freelance writer currently living in Europe. Making homes beautiful is her passion and she loves eclectic style. You can find her frequenting antique stores for the perfect rug or curled up on her sofa with a good book and a cup of tea.

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The history and architecture of hacienda-style homes are rich and engaging. With origins in southern Spain, the Spanish used hacienda-style homes as plantations with animals and orchards, as well as mines and factories. 

Haciendas were a part of traditional life in the Old World. Explorers and settlers from Spain brought this style to areas of the Southwestern United States as they began colonizing this region.

Hacienda-style houses are popular in warm areas of the United States because they work well in the climate. There are many small hacienda-style homes in California and the southwestern US.  

What Are Hacienda-Style Homes?

A hacienda is a large Spanish estate. Haciendas began in Andalusia, an area in southern Spain. In Latin America, the owner of a hacienda is a hacendado or patrón.

Haciendas originated during the reconquering of the Iberian peninsula. Kings awarded nobles who fought in the wars large estates for farming and producing livestock. Explorers carried this organization model to the Americas. As conquistadors took over large tracts of land, rulers granted them the right to own and organize the property. 

Modern hacienda-style homes in the United States are common in warm climates. You can find hacienda-style houses in California, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, and Florida. These houses feature the design elements of their colonial roots but have become an important domestic architectural style.  

Characteristics of Hacienda-Style Homes

There are a few things that make traditional Mexican hacienda-style homes stand out. 

Hacienda architecture styles include:

Clay Roof Tiles

Clay roof tiles are a feature of hacienda-style homes. Since Clay is a good insulator, this roof style is popular in hot climates. Clay absorbs daytime heat and releases it at night. Homes with clay tiles stay cool during the day and warm at night.

Stucco Walls

Stucco and adobe walls are a staple in hacienda-style homes. Before the arrival of the Spanish, indigenous people used adobe clay to build. The Spanish added the stucco element to finish the adobe walls. 

Old and new hacienda homes will have thick adobe finished with white stucco. This wall type is ideal in a hot environment as, like clay tile, it absorbs heat during the day and releases the heat as the air cools. 

Round Doorways and Archways

Rounded doorways and arches are a common Mediterranean design feature that Spanish colonizers brought to the Americas. This architectural element brings a touch of grandeur and elegance to the otherwise simple exterior of the hacienda.


Champion Stone Company

Courtyards overlooking the open sky are a common hacienda home feature. Historically, people used courtyards to cook outdoors and keep the interior spaces cool. You’ll find a fountain or similar attraction in the center of the courtyard of modern haciendas.

Exposed Beams

Exposed beams are another traditional Spanish hacienda-style feature. They extend under the awnings and through the end of the home. Exposed beams in the interior are also a common hacienda feature. Interior beams provide texture and warmth on otherwise simple and bare walls.

Small Windows

Windows in stucco homes are small because they keep the heat out.  Remodels will often tear out walls and add large windows. Designers who keep the integrity of a house will leave the windows in their original form.

Types of Hacienda-Style Houses

All hacienda-style homes share characteristics that make them similar, but there are some regional variations by type.  

Traditional Mexican Hacienda-Style Homes

While there are some small Mexican hacienda-style homes, most traditional Mexican haciendas are large-scale estates. These were the centers of power for the local elite. 

Traditional Mexican Haciendas have a more simple and rustic style than modern haciendas. Traditional Mexican hacienda-style homes might have lower ceiling heights and use more indigenous materials like adobe, wood, and thatch. 

Spanish Colonial Hacienda Style Homes

Spanish colonial haciendas are reminiscent of Mediterranean and African influences. 

These houses feature classical elements like symmetry and archways with columns with obvious European influences. These houses might also feature details related to Mudejar architecture, including tilework, horseshoe arches, and geometric detailing. 

Texan Hacienda Style Homes

Texan hacienda-style homes are specific to the state of Texas. These homes feature many of the same style elements as other hacienda-style homes, with a few key differences.  

Builders using local materials constructed many traditional Texan haciendas with a combination of adobe or wood, as wood was more common than adobe throughout Texas. These homes also feature more decor related to cowboy culture than to European or African influences.

Hacienda Style Homes By Modern Designers

Hacienda homes are popular in the US. Designers remodel traditional haciendas to make them more livable for the modern family while preserving their historic integrity. 

Spanish Oaks Hacienda By John Siemering

This Mediterranean-style hacienda is in Austin, Texas. John Siemering Homes designed this distinctive home. Stucco walls, a red tile roof, small windows, and arched doorways are all the features of a traditional hacienda home.

One interesting thing about this home is that it mixes hacienda stucco with old-world stonework. Some of the windows are from the 1700s, ensuring the house retains its integrity and style.

Ojai Hacienda By Tom Meaney

This design is by Tom Meaney Architects. This cozy 6,000-square-foot home is in the mountains of Ojai in Ventura County, California. The scene is classic and a step back in time. There are no modern distractions surrounding the home. From the intricate tiles and stained glass to its authentic outdoor space, this home is an original design.     

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)FAQ

How Do You Choose A Roof For A Traditional Hacienda Style Home?

When searching for a roof for your traditional hacienda style home, you should first consider the neighborhood where it’s located. Next, the architectural style of your home will be another factor. You want the roof to be a good match. 

What Are Some Cons Of Hacienda Style Homes?

Hacienda style homes are not suited for cold climates. If stucco is exposed to climates that change drastically during the year, it will shrink and crack. Tile roofs are not ideal in snowy conditions.

Also, stucco also doesn’t handle moisture well and requires sealing every few years.  

Do Hacienda Style Homes Have Bug Problems?

Because of their open spaces and warm climate locations, bugs and insects can be a problem. If you take the right precautions and keep your home clean, then you should be fine.

You’ll need to contact a local fumigation service. They will understand your needs better than anyone. 

The Hacienda House – Brooksville, FL



When assisting mom in finding a place in the Brooksville Florida Area, consider The Hacienda House, an Adult Family Care Home. This facility is licensed and owned by Elsa H. Wolter, a Certified Nurse Assistant.

Dedicated care, constant companionship, and assistance with ADLs (Activities of Daily Living) is always the priority at this rustic yet elegant estate surrounded by homey gardens. Healthy food and attentive care provided by the Hacienda’s loving owner and caregivers will make your mother feel at home in no time.

This unique, private care facility is part of a 4600 sq. foot estate nestled in the Historical City of Brooksville, which is booming with antique shops and quaint places such as the famous Rogers’ Christmas House Village, the lovely Tilted Tea Cup tea house, and The Sunrise Café, among others. For more independent seniors, one can find plenty of golf-courses close by to enjoy, such as Southern Hills, Silverthorne, Hernando Oaks, and many others. Shopping places such as Target, four Walmart Supercenters, Publix, and Winn Dixie’s are only a few miles away. Also, our facility is minutes away from the very renowned Oak Hill Hospital, center of cardiology emergencies and the Health-South Rehab Center, where top rehabilitation professionals will assist you and return you as soon as possible to the caring home of The Hacienda House. Paramedics will take only minutes to arrive when emergency assistance is needed.

Only few miles away from the enchanting natural beauty of the Nature Coast, the Hacienda House is as down to earth as it can be. Situated among hundred-year-old oaks and surrounded by homey gardens, the Tuscan architecture and design of this Senior Facility reminds one of bygone times. The private rooms are tastefully furnished with an assortment of antiques, a bit of Art-Deco style, and hand painted murals in each room named below:

The Orient Room

The French Room

The Italian Room

The Blue Room

Our Services and Commitments

Here at The Hacienda House, we will make sure that you and/or your loved one will always be treated as a unique being, a person and soul, which will be cared for with the utmost dedication. All within the unique setting of a very natural environment and peaceful gardens.

Please come and experience a different concept of caring: Where every day starts with a smile and a hug from friendly staff. Where the price is right for the services we offer.

  • Meals and Snacks: All three meals are home cooked according to the diet of each resident’s needs. Organic oriented, fruits and vegetables, natural juices are available at all times.
  • Mornings/Breakfast: Each resident has the choice to sleep in longer, have breakfast in the room, and/or opt for a hardy brunch.
  • Lunches and Dinners are shared in a friendly family atmosphere.
  • Walks: A stroll through Mama Meita’s gardens are always an inspiration.
  • Afternoon Gatherings with Refreshments, Coffee or Tea: We encourage group gatherings every afternoon. We meet in the family room around a favorite television program and/or movie. Everyone has a voice, and we democratcially decide on the choices of entertainment and hobbies.
  • At Night be assured your loved one is tucked in with a kiss, hug, and blessing and/or a prayer of their own choice.
  • When Sick or Lonely we make sure a companion will stay with your loved one, and even stay in their room the whole night if necessary.
  • Outings (Once a week if health allows it): There are choices of church services, trips to the park, or perhaps going out to a movie theater.
  • Hobbies/Activities: We encourage every Resident to engage in some activity he/she feels good about.
  • Family and Friends: The doors are always open to family and visiting friends.



We remember the word “hacienda” or “hacienda” (Spanish hacienda) from Mexican TV series: colorful estates full of flowers, cozy patios, cruel managers and unfortunate slaves and slaves. Most haciendas are located outside the city, in places where henequen grows. Accommodation in a good hacienda is not the cheapest, prices start from $300 per room, per night. There are a lot of haciendas in the SURROUNDINGS of Merida.
When tourists visit a hacienda for the first time, as a rule, everyone is delighted and regrets that they did not know about the existence of such estates before. You have to go to Mexico to understand some things. Mexico is worth visiting again!
A huge estate, with large plots of land owned by one family – that’s what a hacienda is.
The unique haciendas of the State of Yucatan received a special economic development in Mexico and were distinguished by the extraordinary luxury of their architectural plans, the European stylish decoration of huge halls and bedrooms, rich manicured gardens and parks with the most diverse flora and fauna of the surrounding humid tropical climate of the Yucatan Peninsula.
The wealth of the Yucatán haciendas was created through the cultivation of the henequen, a type of agave cactus whose fibers were processed mainly for the production of ropes. Fiber threads were called sisal, which became an important export of Yucatán from the middle of the 19th to the beginning of the 20th centuries. Soon the henequen was called “green gold”. It was in great demand for the production of ropes during World War I.
The owners of the haciendas then made fortunes on “green gold”, and the city of Merida was bathed in luxury. Haciendas have become a symbol of wealth and culture, they are distinguished by beautiful architecture, furniture and art from around the world.
After the war of castes in the Yucatan and the subsequent invention of synthetic fibers, most of the haciendas were abandoned by their owners and even in less than a century the selva swallowed them up. Many still doze in the ruins, presenting an eerie sight.
However, in the 90s of the 20th century, haciendas began to experience their second birth. Roberto Hernandez came up with a brilliant idea – to restore the haciendas to their former splendor and turn them into the most luxurious hotels in Yucatan. Today these haciendas are known as “The Luxury Collection”, managed by Starwood Hotels & Resorts
Personalized service, very attentive and helpful staff, lush gardens, antique furniture and a peaceful atmosphere await you in every hacienda hotel.
The network consists of three haciendas in Yucatan:
San José Cholul (15 rooms)
Temozon (28 rooms)
Santa Rosa (11 rooms)
And two in the state of Campeche, Yucatán west:
Uayamon (12 rooms)
Puerta Campeche (15 rooms)
When you get to such a hacienda, you can be sure that your bed will be divinely comfortable, the linens so soft that you will caress while you sleep, the bathroom will be decorated with an incredibly large variety of beautiful stones.
You will get relaxation, peace and rest.

Best haciendas:

Sotuta de Peon
Nineteenth century hacienda. The site still produces sisal. Beautifully restored manor house, Yucatan restaurant. Impressive cenote for swimming.

This sixteenth century hacienda is very close to Chichen Itza. An elegant home set in lush gardens, modern amenities including satellite TV, air conditioning, restaurant and swimming pool.
Chichen Yaxkin also has a spa.

Built in 1870, this property has recently been restored to its former splendor. 50 deluxe rooms overlooking the lush garden. Spa, swimming pool, bar, banquets and weddings. The hacienda is located 15 minutes from downtown Merida, on the road from Cancun to Merida.

It was bought in 2000 by an American couple. With the help of a renowned architect, they have lovingly restored Hacienda Petac.
It is currently rented out by the week like a house. The hacienda consists of five buildings. Large bedrooms and elegant bathrooms, games room, library, bar, chapel, swimming pool, fountains, lush gardens, spa – the perfect place for a luxurious getaway for the family.

It was built in the 1600s. The current owner, Mikhail Faller, is a member of the 5th generation. The hacienda is located on the way to Uxmal, making it a popular destination for tourists. This is a great place at an affordable price where you can feel completely happy and rested.

The closest hacienda to Mérida, owned by Jorge and Cristina Rus. His father, Alberto Ruz, was the archaeologist who discovered Pacal’s tomb in Palenque. When the owners restored the hacienda, they used the best materials and did it with great care and taste. Today, Hacienda Xcanatun is the recipient of the Diamond Star Award from the American Academy of Hospitality and Services. She has 4 AAA (American Automobile Association) diamonds.
This is a boutique hotel with 18 suites, a spa and a restaurant serving gourmet international and Caribbean cuisine.

Santa Cruz
The hacienda has been completely restored. It is located just 20 minutes from Merida city center in a beautiful and quiet location. The owners Robert and Caroline Frank came from Paris and bought the property in 2007.
The restaurant has very tasty cuisine. The pool is filled with cenote water, no chemicals. The hacienda has 10 rooms and a spa.

Built in 1683. The owners are the Cardenas Sosa family. The hacienda has an excellent reputation for fine Yucatan cuisine.
For special events, there is a chapel, elegant staircases (great for photos), lush gardens, stained glass windows that make Hacienda Thay a popular banquet venue.

White Havana Pine (Hacienda white) H 3078 ST22 25mm, Egger chipboard in Matex structure


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