Why is My Arborvitae Turning Brown?
Q: What can I do about my arborvitae turning brown? Is that caused by the water, the weather, or some weird disease?
An arborvitae tree turning brown appears to be a contradiction in terms, since its name means “tree of life.” However, it sometimes can look like death not so well warmed over.
If what was supposed to be a slender and stately evergreen isn’t so green anymore, you’ll want to consider some of the most common reasons for the color change. Whether your tree is American arborvitae, Green Giant arborvitae, American Pillar arborvitae, or the aforementioned arborvitae Emerald Green, the reasons for the drabber hue usually come under one of four headings: transplant shock, drought (or perhaps over-watering), winter burn, or fungal disease.
Related: Solved! Which Evergreens Grow the Fastest
Newly transplanted arborvitae could be experiencing shock.
If your arborvitae trees are freshly planted and yellowing, and browning or wilting at the tips, the most likely cause is transplant shock. Because these evergreens often lose many of their roots when dug up at the nursery, they will need time to put down more and probably will continue to look somewhat unhappy until they do. So you’ll want to stress them out as little as possible during the transition period.
For the best results, plant your arborvitae in spring or early autumn, carefully spreading out the roots rather than breaking them apart. Set the plants high, so that the tops of their root balls are just at the surface of the soil, and water them well and regularly for at least the first 6 months after planting them. Don’t add any amendments to their backfill and refrain from fertilizing them until they have been in the ground for a year.
Drought can cause arborvitae to turn brown.
Not the best plant for climates prone to drought, an arborvitae tree can die if allowed to dry out completely for only one day. So make sure that yours receives the equivalent of at least 1 inch of water per week via rainfall or an irrigation system. If that isn’t happening, you’ll want to give each shrub at least 10 gallons of water once every 5 days until rainfall recommences.
If you do not have an irrigation system, you can apply water via a water bag made especially for trees and shrubs or use two 5-gallon buckets with a tiny hole drilled in the base of each. If you set those buckets on either side of your arborvitae, the water should drain out slowly enough to wet the soil without running off. Keep in mind, though, that over-watering can cause root rot, which also could result in browning foliage—especially if you planted the tree too deep.
Related: The Best 10 Plants to Grow for Backyard Privacy
An evergreen shrub’s color will often be “bronze” in winter due to lower levels of chlorophyll. If the browning foliage on your arborvitae doesn’t appear to be drying out, it may still take on a tan colored hue which will reverse itself in spring when chlorophyll production ramps up again.
However, if that foliage seems to be shriveling, the problem is probably a burn instead. That can result from a variety of issues, including extreme cold or too much sun, either of which can dry out the visible part of the plant while its roots still are too frozen to replace the moisture lost.
To prevent such desiccation, water your shrubs in late autumn before freezing temperatures set in, mulching them with about 3 inches of shredded bark. You also can protect them over winter with a burlap screen, which surrounds them on all sides, or with a burlap wrap.
Pestalotiopsis, a twig blight, might pay your arborvitaes a visit—usually in spring after they have been stressed out by harsh winter conditions. It often appears near the base of each plant where the growth is the thickest. You can identify it by the tiny black “pimples” that appear on the affected twigs, and by the fact that those twigs will turn dark brown.
Wait for a dry day to prune out the affected foliage and avoid any irrigation methods that spray water all over the trees, spreading the spores. (Copper fungicides are recommended only for arborvitae trees that are particularly vulnerable, such as those still suffering from transplant shock.) When pruning, be careful not to cut the branches back by more than one third—and be especially careful not to cut them back to bare wood, since that wood will not sprout again.
Related: 35 Landscaping Plants You’ll Love If You Hate Fall Yard Work
Fast-Growing Trees for Privacy (By Zone) | Davey Blog
With a yard full of vibrant greens and colorful flowers, the last thing you want is a big brown fence getting in the way!
But you still want to enjoy your outdoor space in peace. So, go ahead and plant privacy trees.
You get the best of both worlds–fresh, green landscaping that doubles as a hideaway. And, when you choose a fast-growing tree, you can get comfy in your quiet retreat in no time.
Ready to jump right in? Below, find the trees and shrubs that will secure your space the fastest.
What plants make the best privacy screens?
Evergreens are most common, but that doesn’t mean they’re the only option!
Lots of plants make good candidates. In fact, it’s best to mix things up. That way, if one plant gets attacked by a pest or disease, it won’t affect your entire screen.
One more thing! While fast-growing trees are great at quickly giving you privacy, they’re not without their flaws. Quick-growing trees and shrubs tend to have weaker wood that is more prone to breakage and attack by insects and diseases. They also require more frequent pruning to keep them under control and help them develop a strong structure.
If you want plants that grow a bit slower but still work great for privacy fences, click here. Or if you want to stick with a fast grower, choose trees or shrubs below that will work in your hardiness zone so that they’re accustomed and prepared to thrive in your area.
Fast-Growing Privacy Shrubs (Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10)
- North privet (Zones 4-8): A pyramid-shaped shrub with dark, glossy leaves that grows about three feet per year
- Forsythia (Zones 5-8): An early-blooming shrub with bright-yellow flowers that grows about two feet per year
- Glossy Abelia (Zones 6-9): A rounded shrub with white spring flowers and purple fall leaves that can grow up to two feet a year
- Nellie R. Stevens Holly (Zones 6-9): A tall evergreen shrub with vibrant green leaves that can grow up to three feet a year
- Wax myrtle (Zones 7-11): An olive-green bush that usually adds about a foot each year in height and can reach a mature height of 20 feet
Fast-Growing Privacy Trees (Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11)
- Eastern white pine (Zones 3-7): A tall evergreen tree with greenish-blue needles that can increase its height by more than three feet each year
- Hybrid poplar (Zones 3-9): A shade tree with silvery-green leaves that can grow an astonishing eight feet per year
- Silver maple (Zones 3-9): A large shade tree with shimmery silver leaves and wood that grows about two feet per year
- Green giant arborvitae (Zones 5-7): A pyramid-shaped evergreen with rich green needles that adds about three feet to its height per year
- Dawn redwood (Zones 5-8): A low-maintenance shade tree that’s good for large landscapes and grows more than two feet each year
- Leyland cypress (Zones 6-10): A slender evergreen tree that can grow up to four feet per year
- Areca palm (Zones 10-11): A tropical palm that grows about two feet a year and tops out around 35 feet tall
What is the fastest-growing privacy shrub?
That would be the first shrub we listed above, the north privet. This speedy shrub can grow up to three feet per year!
What are the fastest-growing trees for privacy?
Hybrid poplar tops the list. It can grow upwards of five feet per year. The Leyland cypress, green giant arborvitae, and silver maple are all close seconds because they add about two feet to their height each year.
Which evergreens grow the fastest?
Eastern white pine and green giant arborvitae are some of the fastest-growing evergreens. Each add on about 2 feet every year!
Ready to plant? Click here for a step-by-step guide.
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Fast growing hedge – choosing the right plants
It is not always possible to install a heavy concrete or solid metal fence, and the chain-link mesh, for all its functionality, does not add aesthetics. In this case, a hedge can be a worthy alternative.
A garden plot for many citizens is a place of solitude and inspiration for the upcoming work week. If you live on it permanently, then all the more you do not want the details of your personal life to be in the public domain. A hedge will help both hide your land from prying eyes and act as an element of decor. With its help, zoning is also done on the site itself to create a secluded place for reading books or romantic conversations. We will not cast a shadow on your future wattle fence and tell you which plants are best suited for creating an eco-friendly fence.
This branchy shrub up to 3 m high with thin shoots and sharp long spines will reliably protect your garden from intruders. In addition, the barberry is famous for its beautiful foliage of various shades and bright red fruits that can be eaten (with the exception of some varieties). The shrub, as it grows, retains its decorative effect, because. does not suffer from baldness of the lower part of the bush, so you will not need to plant a second tier of the hedge.
The plant does not require special care, except for pruning, after which new shoots appear, and the crown becomes denser. Prefers sunny areas, although it can grow in shading, but in this case the foliage will not be as bright.
Barberry spreads very quickly in the area, so young seedlings that you find in the wrong place should be removed as early as possible, before they have had time to get stronger.
If you want a perfectly even and geometrically correct hedge up to 2 m high, then without any doubt choose this densely branched shrub. Privet has beautiful, dark green, leathery leaves; in ornamental varieties, they can be yellow. Its ability to quickly recover after a haircut and retain its shape for a long time will especially please novice gardeners.
Privet is an unpretentious, frost-resistant plant that can grow in almost any soil. Even urban conditions of strong gas contamination will not frighten her. The most rational form of a privet hedge is a trapezium with a slight narrowing at the top. Such a profile contributes to better illumination of the crown, and therefore prevents baldness of the lower part of the bush.
A melliferous shrub from the Rosaceae family, reaching a height of 6-8 m, has beautiful rich green foliage that turns orange-red in autumn. In spring, hawthorn bushes are covered with beautiful white or pink inflorescences, which turn into bright red fruits in summer.
As an ornamental hedge plant, hawthorn is good because it needs almost no maintenance. Within 2-4 years after planting, the bushes are allowed to grow freely. When the diameter of the trunks at the base reaches 1.5-2 cm, hemping is carried out in the fall to improve the appearance (cutting the shoots at a height of 20-25 cm from the ground to get a low bush with a dense crown). A year later, the first haircut is carried out.
Hawthorn bushes should be pruned regularly as this limits their upward growth and directs them to the side shoots so that the crown at the bottom is not exposed.
A hedge, in addition to its functional and decorative qualities, can also be tasty. If you want to enjoy juicy and healthy fruits for several years in a row, then plant blackberry bushes around the perimeter of your plot. In addition, it will reliably protect your possessions, because there will be no one who wants to be in the prickly embrace of this shrub.
Blackberries are usually planted using a trellis method at a distance of 1.5 m from the main fence. You can use a chain-link mesh as a support, but this will complicate the care of the plant, and the neighbors may be unhappy with your prickly “guard”. Blackberries will begin to bear fruit in the 2nd year after planting, but the first pruning should be carried out only after three years. The shrub is unpretentious in care and can withstand both extreme heat and severe frosts.
Many people are accustomed to seeing this plant growing wild along the edges of roads and near water bodies, but it will make an original light and elegant living fence. A wicker fence made of willow is decorative already when planting, an unpretentious plant takes root quickly and in almost any soil. However, such a fence serves more for beauty than protection, so it is suitable for creating secluded areas on the site itself or for decorating the main fence. Willow perfectly absorbs heavy metals and improves soil quality, does not require special care, except for a decorative haircut twice a year, for which many gardeners and designers love it.
Dogwood white (turf white)
This branchy shrub, up to 3 m high, is excellent for hedges. Its beautiful light green foliage becomes bronze-crimson, orange or burgundy with the onset of autumn. Plastically intertwined branches of deren, which are painted in various shades of red, are especially decorative, so your living fence will look spectacular at any time of the year.
For planting varieties of turf with variegated color of leaves, it is necessary to choose brightly lit places, because in the shade the foliage will lose its original color.
Care of the turf consists of regular sanitary cutting if you decide to keep the natural shape of the bush. In landscape design, the most popular are the shapes of a ball, cube, arc or hemisphere. The first pruning is carried out 3 years after planting, and then twice a year, in June and July. Young bushes need regular watering 1-2 times a week, as well as loosening the soil in the trunk circle and removing weeds.
Native to North America, in nature it reaches a height of 80 m, ornamental varieties that can be used in landscape design – up to 30 m. .
The plant tolerates shearing well, is undemanding to soil fertility, but does not like stagnant groundwater, so it should be planted on hills. Moreover, with age, Lawson’s cypress becomes photophilous. However, young trees tolerate shade well, and they should be covered from the bright spring sun.
Fruit shrub up to 2 m tall with serrated leaves densely covering thorny branches. The turn forms impenetrable thickets, so it is great for hedges. Moreover, its fruits can be eaten, and the leaves can be brewed as a tea. A solid wall of this plant around the perimeter of your site will protect heat-loving plants from cold winds.
Since the blackthorn is an unpretentious shrub that also grows very quickly, the main care consists in regular cutting three times a year – in early April, late June and July.
A thuja hedge is a classic option if you need a fence up to 3 m high. The dense green array that trees form will securely close the area from prying eyes and give it austerity. However, thuja do not transmit light well, so in small areas they will give strong shading.
Care of the plant consists in the removal of dried legs and a complex haircut twice a year. Thuja Brabant can grow up to 1.5 m per year, so the hedge will acquire the necessary forms in the shortest possible time. The plant is picky in the choice of soils, however, on fertile soil, it acquires the greatest decorative effect.
A shrub native to China, introduced to Europe by the Scottish botanist William Forsyth and named after him. Forsythia is especially attractive in the spring, when its bright yellow inflorescences color the landscape that is still gray, barely waking up from a long winter. As a hedge, the shrub is good because it grows very quickly, therefore, to preserve the decorative effect immediately after flowering, it must be cut.
Forsythia is unpretentious, resistant to diseases and pests. It also perfectly tolerates the difficult conditions of the urban environment, coping with air pollution and gas pollution.
A permanent inhabitant of my grandmother’s front garden, this beautiful shrub has won the hearts of many gardeners. Among other things, wild rose is able to grow profusely, forming impenetrable thickets. Plus, its branches are densely strewn with thorns.
The first 2-3 years after planting, rose hips need abundant watering 1-2 times a week and regular weeding. In autumn, pruning of all diseased, old and broken branches, as well as forming pruning, is carried out.
With the right choice of hedge plants, an eco-friendly fence can become not only a reliable protector and a low-maintenance decorative element, but also a useful and tasty culinary addition. Just remember that plants prone to diseases and pest attacks, such as viburnum, will not work as a hedge. Firstly, they very quickly lose their decorative appearance. And secondly, during the epidemic, dense thickets are very difficult to treat with chemicals, especially if this eco-fence is located on the border of the plots.
Climbing plants for dacha photos and names: perennial, unpretentious, fast growing
Climbing plants are a universal tool for garden design and masking unsightly buildings in the country house. They create comfort, are used as a hedge and protect the house from noise and pollution, and at the same time they are completely unpretentious in their care.
There are a huge number of species of climbing plants – these are annual and perennial, green and flowering, fast-growing, exclusively decorative and fruit-bearing. To understand this diversity, let’s take a closer look at the plants that are most popular with gardeners.
The best perennial varieties
Perennials are convenient because once you take the time to plant, you can enjoy this beauty for many years.
Landscapers’ favorite climbing plant. It will allow you to decorate the garden in the Victorian style, and make any suburban area more beautiful and well-groomed. Even an old village house decorated with this rose will sparkle with new bright colors. At the same time, the plant is unpretentious, and does not need special care.
Climbing roses are planted at the end of September or at the beginning of October. Planting and care includes the following important points:
- Roses will not grow well in both heavy clay soil and light sandy soil. Therefore, it is better to provide them with a mixed type of soil.
- At the end of summer, apply fertilizers to the ground – humus, humus, phosphorus, so that by the time of planting ideal conditions have been formed for the rapid growth of shoots.
- Plants are photophilous, the planting site should be sufficiently sunny.
- Additional watering is needed, rainwater alone will not be enough.
- Roses grow well not only in length, but also in width. Between the bushes you need to leave a distance of at least 1 meter.
Climbing roses will delight you with their splendor for many years, just remember to cover them for the winter, because they will not survive severe frosts.
Incredibly beautiful flowers with shades of orange, scarlet, crimson and gold. Campsis comes from North America, but is perfectly adapted to our winter frosts. It grows up to 15 meters in height, and timely pruning will allow you to give it any desired shape. It blooms for a long time – from June to September.
IMPORTANT: Bright flowers are attractive not only for people, but also for all kinds of insects, so you should not decorate the gazebo and other places of rest in the country with Campsis.
Suitable for creating a hedge, a green fence strewn with large bells of stunning colors will look chic. In our country, the plant is widespread only in the south, but it can be easily grown in central Russia, if you provide a reliable shelter for the winter.
Its large dangling clusters of purple, white or blue flowers with a wonderful fragrance will create a fabulous atmosphere in the garden. It was Wisteria that became the prototype of the magic tree Ava in the movie “Avatar”. This is a woody plant, the stems of which can reach a height of 18 m. It grows very well in a humid southern climate, but northern latitudes are also suitable for it. That’s just a lush flowering will have to wait, because it begins to bloom profusely only from the 5th year of life. Wisteria is colorful enough in the fall, when it fades. Its leaves take on a bright lemon hue, and the inflorescences turn into bean pods.
The plant is not too demanding to care for. For active growth and flowering, it is enough to follow these rules:
- Sunny and protected from strong winds.
- Light fertile soil with good permeability. Wisteria will not grow at all only in calcareous soil.
- Moderate watering, the plant does not like waterlogging.
- Pruning – the key to abundant flowering. At the end of May, last year’s shoots are pruned so that their length does not exceed 30 cm, then their pruning is repeated in August for another 5 buds.
- Winter shelter. In late autumn, Wisteria must be removed from the supports and laid on the boards. From above, you can cover with branches of coniferous trees and agro fabric.
Otherwise, the plant will not bring much trouble. It is disease resistant and rarely attacked by insects.
Perennial varieties are suitable for those gardeners who do not want to spend time every year on the design of their site. If you are ready to regularly create new interiors in the garden, you better pay attention to annual plants.
Annuals are not well adapted to the cold and must be sown annually. But they also have their own advantages. These plants are faster growing than their perennial relatives. Literally in two months, they can completely cover any structure with dense thickets, and by the middle of summer they will be presented in all their glory.
This annual climber is excellent for creating a terrace or balcony screen, for decorating arbors and fences, and for planting in containers. Differs in rapid growth – in the middle of summer you will already have a solid green carpet with flowers of purple, blue, white or crimson. Flowering begins in June and lasts until October.
TIP: The main condition for the rapid growth of Ipomoea is the fertility of the soil. The plant needs to be fed regularly with mineral fertilizers and a small amount of nitrogen.
Planting is done in early May. You can plant both seeds and sprouts. The place must be chosen well-lit, in the shade the growth of the plant will slow down. Watering should be moderate as the soil dries out. No other additional care is required.
Most often used to decorate terraces and balconies. The plant is valued not so much for its beauty, but for its exquisite aroma, this can be judged from its name. It has a huge color palette and a long flowering period, which is 3-4 months. It tolerates spring frosts well, it can be sown in early spring. It is important to provide support for the plant in time, if the moment is missed, you will not unravel the shoots. To preserve the decorative effect of sweet peas for as long as possible, it must be provided with good lighting and watering, as well as wilted flowers should be removed in a timely manner.
One of the oldest species. This liana was cultivated back in 1787, and it still remains a popular decoration for hedges and arbors in the country. The plant has shoots up to 4 m long, and large bell-shaped flowers of purple and white hues. Blooms from July until the first frost.
Suitable for both sun and shade cultivation. It climbs the walls on its own, with the help of its antennae. Does not require special care. Planting can be done both by seeds and cuttings. In the second case, for the winter, the roots must be dug up and stored in a cool room. The advantage of Kobei is that there is no need to constantly remove the fading buds. When the time comes, they themselves fly away under the influence of the wind, and the plant retains its decorative effect.
Most vines are easy to care for, but there are varieties that are very easy to grow.
The most unpretentious varieties of climbing plants
Some types of climbing plants grow literally by themselves, they only need to be planted.
Record holder for unpretentiousness and vitality. It is certainly not as impressive in its appearance as the Rose or Wisteria, representing just a green wall, without flowers. But ivy also has its advantages:
- This is an evergreen plant. Even in mid-latitude climates, ivy will decorate fences and walls with its greenery throughout the year.
- Grows well everywhere, regardless of the light level. Sucker roots allow it to stick to any surface.
- The green wall is a wonderful backdrop for other flowers – roses, gladioli, tulips.
The plant is successfully used for landscaping balconies and terraces, and the arbor covered with ivy is a classic of the genre, a place for quiet solitude and dates for couples in love.
This plant reveals its beauty to the maximum with the onset of autumn. Against the backdrop of a fading garden, the bright palette of the leaves of Maiden Grapes fascinates. The plant is also affected by its unpretentiousness. It grows on any soil, tolerates shade well and is not afraid of frost, so it is not necessary to cover it for the winter.
There is no need to create additional supports for it, the whips will cover all the available space with their foliage. Maiden grapes are not subject to both diseases and pests. The plant can be planted, watered well and forgotten about for a long time. The only necessary care measure is trimming old lashes, or those that have begun to grow in the wrong direction.
Parthenocissus blooms modestly in July with small but fragrant flowers. The fruits ripen in September, they are inedible, they perform only a decorative function.
IMPORTANT: Plastered walls may suffer from landscaping with Maiden Grapes. Under the weight of the foliage, the plaster will simply begin to fall off. Without fear, only brick, concrete and wooden walls can be decorated with a plant.
Among the varieties of climbing plants, there are also those that, in addition to their beauty, delight with useful fruits. This is ideal for rational gardeners who want to make the most of their territory.
Fruit-bearing species of climbing garden plants
These varieties of plants will not only decorate your garden, but also allow you to harvest from them.
An extremely useful and completely unpretentious plant that can be easily grown in your country house. Actinidia is valuable not only for beautiful flowers exuding a light citrus aroma, but also for delicious berries. They have a pleasant sweet and sour taste and a bright aroma reminiscent of gooseberries. Fruits have a rich vitamin composition, especially a lot of vitamin C.
Actinidia reaches a height of 15 meters, spiraling around a support. Has no mustache. It has an unusual bright color of foliage, as can be seen in the photo. It is famous for its frost resistance, survives even at -50 degrees in Siberia. Due to its resistance to cold weather, the plant can be planted as early as April. And by the end of August you will have your first harvest.
Another hardy plant suitable for growing in the shade. Honeysuckle is not susceptible to diseases, and practically does not require care. The main advantage is the magical aroma of its flowers. The fruits of the plant are also valued, they are consumed both fresh and used to make jam, wine and compotes.
WARNING: Not all honeysuckle species are edible. Only black and blue fruits are eaten, while red and orange berries are poisonous.
Honeysuckle is also actively used in medicine. The use of honeysuckle fruits has a beneficial effect on the heart and blood vessels, the digestive system. They are used to treat hypertension, stomach ulcers and other disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. And baths with young branches of the plant successfully treat articular rheumatism.
Varieties of curly asparagus beans. It has dense foliage, decorative white flowers and pods 50-60 cm long. Pods act not only as a decoration, but also have a refined taste and nutritional value. They are used for cooking various dishes, as well as for freezing and canning. Vigna is also grown for beans. The plant is unpretentious in care, can bear fruit in any type of soil. Heat, drought and shade tolerant. The yield reaches 3 kg of pods per plant.
Any kind of climbing plants can transform a manor or summer cottage beyond recognition, but gardeners often want immediate results, so that the territory becomes green in the same year after planting. In this case, the choice must be made in favor of the fastest growing plants.
Fastest Growing Climbing Plants
Some varieties of climbing plants have an amazing growth rate. They allow you to plant a garden in just one season.
The fastest growing climbing plants are:
- Aubert’s Fallopia . Liana, which in one growing season can reach up to 8 meters in height, and in subsequent years grows up to 15 m.
- Wood pliers . The annual growth of this plant is 2-3 m, and in general grows up to 10 m.
- Actinidia . Its growth per year can be about 3 m, and in total it grows up to 8 m in height.
- Ivy . This plant is able to conquer any height. In Europe, there are specimens with a shoot length of up to 100 m. Its annual growth is 0.5 m.
- Kirkazon . It grows about 1 m per year, and the total height is about 10 m.
- Parthenocissus . It rises to a height of 20 m, giving an increase of 2 m per year. Other grape varieties also have a high growth rate.
These types of plants require strong and secure supports. Growing at a tremendous speed, they increase not only the length of the lashes, but also their weight. Shaky and fragile structures collapse very quickly under their weight.
Tree pliers up close
Climbing plants perform many functions. They will not only decorate the garden, but also hide the unaesthetic elements of the garden plot, create pleasant shading on the terrace or in the gazebo, and even give tasty and healthy fruits.