20 Cost effective materials in construction – RTF
The shelter is one of the most basic needs for human development. when the material used tends to be expensive automatically the price paid for the construction also tends to get expensive. Nowadays development focuses on cost-effective construction by using various alternatives building materials and technologies.
1. LAMINATED VENEER LUMBER
LVL provides a consistent, high-performance alternative to solid lumber structural systems. It is lighter and stronger than traditional alternatives, faster and easier to install, enhances productivity, and reduces forming costs. They are in composite nature, it is much less likely to warp, twist, bow, or shrink.
2. AUTOCLAVED AERATED CONCRETE
AAC is a lightweight, precast, foam concrete building material suitable for producing concrete masonry units like blocks. It has improved thermal efficiency superior fire resistance. It also helps to reduce the solid waste during the use, it’s lightweight and larger. Excellent material for soundproofing and acoustic insulation.
During this lockdown, people have changed their perspective on how various materials can be used in different ways. Vikram Dhawan and his brother, who runs a cardboard products factory in Rajasthan. They also wanted to see how their business could help with this crisis, so they hit upon the idea of inexpensive, recyclable beds from cardboard coated with a protective waterproof substance that enables it to be cleaned quickly and easily. It’s strong and weighs up to 300kg, yet lightweight to lift.
4. LIGHT TRANSMIT CONCRETE
These are materials that help in transmitting light which acts as a translucent material. It transmits light to about 20m thickness. This could be used in giving natural light. It’s a combination of fiber optics and concrete. They harm the high compressive strength of concrete. The blocks can also include embedded heat-isolation.
5. SELF-HEALING CONCRETE
Concrete can withstand compressive forces very well but not tensile forces. It’s a bio-concrete, created just like regular concrete, but with extra ‘healing agents’ mixed in. The healing bacteria would be intact throughout mixing and in case of cracks the water seeps in and dissolves and activates biological limestone to heal the cracks eventually.
This material is known from the Asian times and was mainly used in rural areas. Now, its use in different areas but especially areas which are earthquake-prone as they have great strength and also is fire resistant. Before choosing a bamboo it’s very important to treat it with a good amount of chemicals so it is prevented from termites.
7. STRAW ROOFING
It’s a material which has been used since ancient times. They are easily available, lightweight which makes it easy to transport. They absorb heat easily as it minimizes the heat loss and provides a pleasant indoor climate. This material also reduces labor costs.
8. NATURAL STONE
As we all know a man-made product such as a cast of stone and concrete is readily available, but natural stone is a completely natural product that has been extracted from the ground and is processed. They aren’t just used in the facades of the building but also slabs for kitchen, storage spaces, etc. they are excellent insulators. Once invested it will last forever.
9. CORRUGATED IRON
They are relatively lightweight, portable, and adaptable that is used as a traditional form of construction. They are frequently used in the roofing system, for the walls and the prefabricated buildings especially. All metals corrode but, here the main aim was to slow down the process. It is one of the cheapest and the lightest material to transport.
It is a natural material, which makes it readily available and is economically feasible. This provides good insulation from the cold, they can be fabricated into different shapes and sizes. It is environmentally friendly which makes it sustainable.
It’s bio-composite material, a mixture of hemp hulls and lime, sand which is used in construction and insulations. They lack in brittleness compared to concrete and consequently do not need expansion joints.
12. RAMMED EARTH
It’s a Chinese technique of constructing walls, foundations, floors, etc. It’s a sustainable building method. It adapts easily to all the local climate; they usually generate very little waste. They are lightweight and can be easily transported, and also have a low manufacturing impact.
13. PREFABRICATED PANELS
It is a structure which has been fabricated at the offsite location. They are usually constructed as a column, beam, slab, or just as panels. They are easily available and easy to transport as they are lightweight. They could locally adapt to any climate.
14. ALGAE CURTAINS
It’s a modern-day construction where our planet is soon going to run out of renewable energy. It is a sustainable building material that helps in cleaning the air and absorbs the carbon dioxide and the pollutants present in the air. It also helps with the façade of the building.
15. GLASS FIBER REINFORCED CONCRETE
It’s a composite material produced by a cementitious matrix with alkali-resistant glass fiber. It can be molded into different shapes and sizes which helps in the making of futuristic designs. It has great strength and is also lightweight.
16. CONCRETE SHEETS
These sheets are readily available in the market so it’s very quick to install. It’s a stylish option in making the façade pleasing. They are durable, weatherproofing quality, and fireproof. They are usually secure and stable.
17. STONE CLADDING
These are options which are opted when the client wants a pleasing look but at the same time has a budget. It can be rustic or modern and can mimic different types of stone finishes. It comes in different thicknesses.
18. RECLAIMED TIMBER
They are one of the cheapest materials but at the same time trendy as well. They are more durable and dried out. They are also environmentally friendly. Each shape is unique and irregular in shape.
19. TRADITIONAL BRICK
They are popular as they last longer. It is fireproof and also stands down to any weather condition. They are available in different sizes. They are durable and sturdy. They also make the place look aesthetically pleasing.
20. WASTE MATERIALS
Creative builders use everything starting from the cigarette butts to plastic bottles and rubble to build in homes. They have tried and incorporated various other waste materials which can be developed eventually with technologies.
Budget Building Materials That Don’t Look Cheap
Build for Less
Whatever the scope of your project—whether you’re building a bookcase to corral your overflowing library or constructing a tiny house on your property for your mother-in-law—you probably hope to keep your costs low. Luckily, unless your heart is set on pricey materials like marble or mahogany, there are quite a few inexpensive options that possess their own brand of beauty. Before you spend big on your next project, check out the following building materials that don’t cost a lot but make it look like you splurged.
Also called cement board, concrete sheeting is a mixture of cement and cellulose fibers pressed into flat boards of various sizes, although 3′ x 5′ is common. Most boards are between ¼ inch and ½ inch in thickness. While cement board is often used as a moisture-resistant and maintenance-free replacement for drywall or as a flooring underlay, there’s no reason you can’t use it as flooring or wall covering on its own, once you give it a few coats of paint or stain. Expect to pay around $10 for a single 3′ x 5′ sheet.
Related: 10 Building Code Violations Your Home May Be Guilty Of
Reclaimed wood makes both economic and environmental sense, and it’s a perfect material for a range of DIY projects, including furniture, decks, fences, shiplap, and even flooring. Most reclaimed wood has a rustic, weathered look that appeals to lovers of cottage or beach-house styles, but you can give the wood a more contemporary appearance with a thorough sanding and a coat of paint or wood stain. Depending on the quality and type of wood, expect to pay from $5 and up per square foot.
Related: 21 Clever Little Things to Do with Scrap Wood
Used brick costs less than new brick but is just as useful for building walls, fire pits, pathways, chimneys, and patios. While many people prefer brick in its natural weathered red, painting used brick is an option for those who like a more contemporary look. Generally, 1,000 used bricks cost anywhere between $300 and $600.
Corrugated metal sheeting can do a lot more than amplify the pitter-patter of rain on the roof. You can use these large sheets of wavy metal to cover interior walls, add contemporary flair to the sides of a kitchen counter, form the walls of a backyard shed or urban chicken coop, or even cover a ceiling in today’s version of old-fashioned pressed tin tiles. Keep in mind that if you use metal sheeting outdoors, a patina of rust will form on the metal unless it’s protected with sealant. While prices vary depending on type of metal and size, you’ll generally spend around $1.50 to $5 per square foot.
Do you love the look of natural stone as a building material, but not the weight or the price? Then consider stone veneer, which is basically a relatively thin sheet of real or manufactured stone that’s installed over another surface, such as wood, masonry, or concrete. You can use stone veneer to cover any interior or exterior wall as well as fireplace surrounds and retaining walls. The price range is wide, as there are many forms and sizes of stone veneer panels available, but on average this building material costs around $10 per square foot.
Steel shipping containers have become trendy for use as tiny homes. They’re available in two standard sizes: 8′ x 20′ and 8′ x 40′, which yield 160 square feet or 320 square feet of living space, respectively. (Containers are typically 8.5 feet high.) While the expenses involved in converting a basic steel box into a habitable home can add up quickly, the shipping container itself generally isn’t too costly. You can often find an older, smaller shipping container for less than $1,500.
Individual bamboo rods or sheets of bamboo lend a tropical vibe to many DIY projects. You can use bamboo to cover a wall, create a lightweight fence, craft furniture, construct a backyard shower or bar, edge a garden, or build a planter. If used outdoors, bamboo needs to be sealed to prevent rot. This environmentally friendly and fast-growing grass usually costs less than $100 for a 6′ x 16′ roll of split bamboo fencing material.
Natural cork has a warm, distinctive beauty that’s hard to replicate with any man-made material. You can buy cork sheets or tiles relatively inexpensively and then use them to create an accent wall, cover the front or sides of a kitchen island, or hide the top of an otherwise bland table or counter. No need to break your budget, either: Cork tiles cost around $3 per square foot.
If you have the money to hire a handyman for every household woe, go ahead. But if you want to hang on to your cash and exercise some self-sufficiency, check out these clever products that solve a million and one little problems around the house. Go now!
Build a house cheaply and quickly: the best way to build a quality home without overpaying
When it comes to building a house, many of us start to worry about the cost. However, there are several ways to build a house quickly and inexpensively without losing quality. In this article, we will talk about how you can build a house cheaply and quickly using SIP panels.
What are SIP panels: materials for a fast building house
SIP panels (Structural Insulation Panels) are panels made of several layers of oriented structured structure, fixed together with glue. SIP panels are the most popular material for rapid construction at present.
Advantages of SIP panels: a cheap and fast way to build a house
SIP panels are a cheap and fast way to build a house. They can be used to build a frame house that can be built in a short period of time. Unlike traditional construction methods, SIP panels can reduce the cost of building a house by up to 30%. This is due to the fact that SIP panels are inexpensive and easy to transport and install.
How to build a house inexpensively and quickly using SIP panels
houses: select house project that suits your needs and budget. It is important to choose a project that will meet your needs for permanent residence or use as a country house.
Size your home: size your home to fit your needs and budget. It’s important to choose a size that fits your family and yard so you don’t overpay for unnecessary space.
Calculate the cost: calculate the cost of building a house using SIP panels to determine your budget. Consider the cost of materials, transportation and installation.
Order: place an order for SIP panels and other necessary materials from the manufacturer, who provides delivery and installation.
Prepare the site: prepare the site on which the house will be built. Make sure that the site is suitable for construction and that all necessary permits have been completed.
Start building: start building a house using SIPs, following the blueprint and manufacturer’s instructions.
Complete building: complete the construction of the house and start finishing and decorating the interior space.
Key advantages of SIP panels: a house quickly and inexpensively
SIP panels have several key advantages: panels allow you to build a house faster than traditional building methods.
Conclusion: choose a house quickly and cheaply with SIP panels
SIP panels are a great way to build a house quickly and cheaply without losing quality. SIP panels provide an inexpensive and environmentally friendly way of building, and also provide excellent thermal insulation. If you are looking for a budget building option, SIP panels are an excellent choice for your future home.
The house that was built from top to bottom: engineering_ru — LiveJournal
Original taken from buildings of the 60s, it is impossible not to mention several interesting experiments. This post will be about one of them.
In 1959, in Leningrad, on Magnitogorskaya Street, inside the quarter, which consisted of dormitories of the concrete goods factory “Barrikada”, by the method of lifting floors experimental one-section 32-apartment building. The new method made it possible to abandon the usual construction cranes.
Buildings erected by raising floors or whole floors have the advantage of allowing the installation of structures at the floor level of the first floor; building structures are also facilitated. In this case, the space-planning parameters and the configuration of the building in the plan can be chosen depending only on the nature of the technological process or in order to create a highly versatile building. Smooth or coffered ceilings provided for this, significantly improve the interior of the premises. The structures of buildings erected by lifting floors or floors can reduce the height of floors (up to 25%), reduce material consumption and operating costs by 15%, reduce construction costs (by 10-15%) and its time.
The grid of columns in such buildings is usually chosen to be square with a side of 6 to 12 m. The height of the premises can be any and different by floors. Buildings have, as a rule, a frame-braced frame system with hinged nodes.
Designer: LenZNIIEP, architect Emil Iosifovich Yarmolinsky.
First, two rows of columns were installed – bearing piles, after which the roof was raised and fixed with heavy construction jacks. On a solid reinforced concrete slab 16 cm thick, with a cutout for a single-flight staircase, the upper floor was completely assembled from panels. Then, with the help of jacks, he was also raised up and fixed. The rest of the floors were assembled and raised in the same way. Thus, the house was built “in reverse”, starting from the roof and the upper floors!
Installation of the roof:
Two rows of columns of this house with a section of 40×40 cm have a longitudinal step of 6.4 m and a transverse step of 4.2 m. m around the entire perimeter of the plate. In the center of the floor slab there is a cutout for a single-flight staircase. Holes for passing columns are framed with metal collars. Exterior walls made of fiberboard-concrete panels the size of a room.
A survey of the state of the house after 5 years of operation in 1964 showed that it is in a satisfactory condition. Randomly arranged shrinkage cracks up to 0.5 mm wide are observed on the surface of the outer wall panels. And only in two panels of the first floor at the entrance to the house there were vertical cracks up to 3 mm wide.
Floor slabs had no visible cracks.
The floors in the house are sloping from the outer walls to the central staircase. The slope of the floor, reaching 1: 200, is observed both in apartments located along the long side of the house and at the ends. The presence of a deflection in the center of the floor slab is caused by a concentrated load from marches and the size of the cantilevers is insufficient to unload the middle span.
Lift (or rather, part of it):
This four-story house was completed in a short time. Ivan Spiridonov, at that time the 1st Secretary of the Leningrad Regional Committee of the CPSU, highly appreciated the work of the builders. And yet, the development described did not spread, and primarily due to the fact that such construction required the highest qualifications from all members of the process, and as a result, it turned out to be quite expensive.
Floor lifting starts.
This is what the house on Magnitogorskaya 95 looks like today. For ordinary people who are not familiar with the history of the house, this is just an ordinary “Khrushchev” in which it is cold in winter, small rooms with low ceilings and, of course, disgusting sound insulation. On the photo panoramas of Google, this house is here.
The source of information was mainly the most interesting documentary film of the Culture channel “It’s time for a big housewarming”, which I recommend for viewing:
On engineering-ru they suggest that this method of construction has been used in many other places.
Columbus Towers (Torres de Colón) in Madrid
As well as the building of the Giprogor Institute in the same Leningrad. Built in 1969.
As the comments suggest, such buildings were also built in the USA. This is a residential complex “Riverdale”, which is located on a closed and guarded territory belonging to the Russian Federation. Employees of the Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to the UN live here.
There is a story on the Internet that the building was built from concrete blocks brought from the USSR, but this is not true. The building was designed by the American architectural firm Skidmore Owings and Merrill. The contractor was the Californian company International Environmental Dynamics. To coordinate all the details, a representative of the company was sent to Moscow, where he outlined in detail the entire construction technology in front of a specially assembled commission of 50 people, consisting of representatives of the USSR Ministry of Construction, various designers, engineers and architects. The construction technology was very unusual. First, two massive concrete pillars were erected, which housed the elevator shafts, fire escapes and the main communications of the building, and which served as a support for the rest of the structure. Then the frame of the last floor of the building was assembled on the ground. Then external walls with windows were attached to it, partitions were assembled inside and bathrooms were installed. With the help of eight hydraulic devices, it rose to the very top, where it was fixed using a patented technology.
Then, on the ground, they began to assemble the next floor, and also raised it up. And so on up to the first floor. As a result, when teams of electricians, plumbers and finishers worked on the 20th floor, the 19th floor was raised up, and the 18th floor was already being assembled below. Thus, the building was built from top to bottom – from the twentieth floor to the first. It took an average of four to five days to assemble and raise one floor. This construction technology made it possible to reduce costs by $1 million and the construction period to 15 months instead of 20-24. As a result, the building cost 8 million dollars instead of nine.
A military walking Khrushchev is preparing to attack the city of New York.
The building has 240 apartments for employees of the representative office, a secondary school, a library, a clinic, a concert hall, a gym, office space and an outdoor swimming pool on the street. Next to a garage for 100 cars. According to information on the Internet, the apartments there are small and cramped, and more like dorm rooms. The house is called “white” and “house on chicken legs”.
Tags: tests and experiments, history, lifting equipment , construction
A selection of downgrades for stupid users: They say the original is here: …
Construction of the television tower in Ostankino
Interesting movie, 50 minutes
Let there be light! – said the electrician and cut the wires.